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Oracle - Locking - Beginner
 
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Oracle - Locking - Beginner
Views: 8248 Chris Ostrowski
Oracle Locks Explained Part 1
 
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Oracle Locks explained. How to Kill a User session in oracle database- Neway IT Solutions
Views: 2056 NewayITSolutions LLC
PL/SQL: Locks
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the types of locks & how locks occurs while executing a query.
Views: 7938 radhikaravikumar
oracle world - Row Level Lock in Oracle database
 
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Hello friends in this video we learn how the lock occur in database automatically when multiple user modified the same transaction in their session. #RowLevelLock Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 7121 Oracle World
SCPT 41: Types of Locks and Latches in Oracle
 
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Oracle DBA Tutorials For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=6 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 20846 Oresoft LWC
Differences between Shared and Exclusive Lock in oracle database
 
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Hello friends in this video we learn how the lock occur in database automatically when multiple user modified the same transaction in their session. #SharedandExclusiveLock Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 10168 Oracle World
Oracle username and password and Account unlocking
 
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all education purpose videos
Views: 274458 Chandra Shekhar Reddy
02 Shared Lock & Exclusive Lock In oracle database table lock
 
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Purpose Use the LOCK TABLE statement to lock one or more tables, table partitions, or table subpartitions in a specified mode. This lock manually overrides automatic locking and permits or denies access to a table or view by other users for the duration of your operation. Some forms of locks can be placed on the same table at the same time. Other locks allow only one lock for a table. A locked table remains locked until you either commit your transaction or roll it back, either entirely or to a savepoint before you locked the table. A lock never prevents other users from querying the table. A query never places a lock on a table. Readers never block writers and writers never block readers. See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for a complete description of the interaction of lock modes COMMIT ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT Prerequisites The table or view must be in your own schema or you must have the LOCK ANY TABLE system privilege, or you must have any object privilege on the table or view. ROW SHARE ROW SHARE permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits users from locking the entire table for exclusive access. ROW SHARE is synonymous with SHARE UPDATE, which is included for compatibility with earlier versions of Oracle Database. ROW EXCLUSIVE ROW EXCLUSIVE is the same as ROW SHARE, but it also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting. SHARE UPDATE See ROW SHARE. SHARE SHARE permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE is used to look at a whole table and to allow others to look at rows in the table but to prohibit others from locking the table in SHARE mode or from updating rows. EXCLUSIVE EXCLUSIVE permits queries on the locked table but prohibits any other activity on it. NOWAIT Specify NOWAIT if you want the database to return control to you immediately if the specified table, partition, or table subpartition is already locked by another user. In this case, the database returns a message indicating that the table, partition, or subpartition is already locked by another user. WAIT Use the WAIT clause to indicate that the LOCK TABLE statement should wait up to the specified number of seconds to acquire a DML lock. There is no limit on the value of integer. If you specify neither NOWAIT nor WAIT, then the database waits indefinitely until the table is available, locks it, and returns control to you. When the database is executing DDL statements concurrently with DML statements, a timeout or deadlock can sometimes result. The database detects such timeouts and deadlocks and returns an error.
Views: 845 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
Oracle Midlands #13: All About Table Locks - Franck Pachot
 
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Timestamps: 0:45 - Basics 5:03 - TX lock demo 9:30 - TM lock info 21:04 - Foreign key index demo 28:48 - 10g, 11g, 12c locking differences 41:50 - New online operations in 12c 46:26 - Event 10704 trace 50:34 - Deadlock demo 53:42 - Q&A Franck discusses different types of locking scenarios to consider with your systems. The slides are available at: Google: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B0DLaAfeW6uKZmJ3TXE0WGtLYlE Dropbox: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/9koxoemak8ts7j6/AADozVVYLoK_FdDZbQGC6TYta This event was sponsored by Red Stack Technology (http://redstacktechnology.com/). See more events at http://OracleMidlands.com/ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. "Fair Dealing" under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Views: 768 Oracle Midlands
SQL: WITH Clause
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn will learn how to use with clause PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 13088 radhikaravikumar
Oracle DBA - Solve Long Running Query & TX Row Lock Contention | Performance Tuning
 
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How to Solve Row Lock Contention in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning - Oracle DBA Solve Row Lock Contention & Long Running Query in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning Oracle DBA - Performance Tuning Row Lock Contention Please Like, Comment, Subscribe and Share... Boxcut Media.
Views: 6450 BoxCut Media
How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks
 
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How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks. For more information, please go to: http://www.embarcadero.com/products/dbartisan-xe
Views: 2031 DBPowerStudio
Table Locking ( MySQL ) - Tutorial
 
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Table locking is an existing query in mysql, where this query is used to lock the table at the time the user or admin wants to perform INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE. This query is run when a database resides on the server and there are few users who can access the database.So in order to avoid conflicting data during INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE then use Table Locking. - Introduction : 0:00 - Coding : 0:52
Views: 6783 Muhammad Ikram
14 11  Explicit Row Locking with InnoDB
 
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MYSQL 5 DEVELOPMENT
Views: 3891 Miszkoxxx
How to identify and resolve database locks in Spotlight on Oracle
 
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This video shows how to identify and resolve database locks in Spotlight on Oracle. https://www.quest.com/Spotlight-on-Oracle
Views: 4921 DellTechCenter
Lock and Unlock table statistics in Oracle Database
 
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Lock and Unlock table statistics in Oracle Database
Merge Statement in Oracle SQL with Example (UPDATE/DELETE or INSERT)
 
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This video demonstrates how to write a Merge Statement in oracle sql, how it is useful in doing a conditional update or delete or both of them when the condition between the target table and source table is evaluated to true, and how we can insert the record into the target table when condition is evaluated to false. The video also shows the use of UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT with Merge, and also the various possible ways to use a Merge statement!!!
Views: 8590 Kishan Mashru
01 Oracle database Table lock
 
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Purpose Use the LOCK TABLE statement to lock one or more tables, table partitions, or table subpartitions in a specified mode. This lock manually overrides automatic locking and permits or denies access to a table or view by other users for the duration of your operation. Some forms of locks can be placed on the same table at the same time. Other locks allow only one lock for a table. A locked table remains locked until you either commit your transaction or roll it back, either entirely or to a savepoint before you locked the table. A lock never prevents other users from querying the table. A query never places a lock on a table. Readers never block writers and writers never block readers. See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for a complete description of the interaction of lock modes COMMIT ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT Prerequisites The table or view must be in your own schema or you must have the LOCK ANY TABLE system privilege, or you must have any object privilege on the table or view. ROW SHARE ROW SHARE permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits users from locking the entire table for exclusive access. ROW SHARE is synonymous with SHARE UPDATE, which is included for compatibility with earlier versions of Oracle Database. ROW EXCLUSIVE ROW EXCLUSIVE is the same as ROW SHARE, but it also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting. SHARE UPDATE See ROW SHARE. SHARE SHARE permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE is used to look at a whole table and to allow others to look at rows in the table but to prohibit others from locking the table in SHARE mode or from updating rows. EXCLUSIVE EXCLUSIVE permits queries on the locked table but prohibits any other activity on it. NOWAIT Specify NOWAIT if you want the database to return control to you immediately if the specified table, partition, or table subpartition is already locked by another user. In this case, the database returns a message indicating that the table, partition, or subpartition is already locked by another user. WAIT Use the WAIT clause to indicate that the LOCK TABLE statement should wait up to the specified number of seconds to acquire a DML lock. There is no limit on the value of integer. If you specify neither NOWAIT nor WAIT, then the database waits indefinitely until the table is available, locks it, and returns control to you. When the database is executing DDL statements concurrently with DML statements, a timeout or deadlock can sometimes result. The database detects such timeouts and deadlocks and returns an error.
Views: 749 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
Understanding Locking in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial
 
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In this video you will understand what is locking in SQL Server? video gives brief overview Following: What is Resource types in locking of SQL Server? What is Lock Modes in SQL Server? It gives live view of looking at different type of lock modes as well as the resources types where the locks are placed. It describes in greater detail about RID, Key, Page, Extent, Table and DB Resource types in SQL Server Locking concept. It also explains Shared Locks, Update Lock, Exclusive Locks, Intent Lock, Schema Lock and Bulk Update locks in SQL Server. Blog post link for the video with script http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/04/understanding-locking-in-sql-server-sql.html Complete Step by Step List for DBA Tutorial Videos: http://sqlage.blogspot.com/search/label/SQL%20Sever%202014%20DBA%20Video%20Tutorial
Views: 56464 TechBrothersIT
How to Unlock Oracle Sample HR Schema Account
 
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The sample oracle database HR Schema account is locked by default. This video shows how to unlock the HR Schema account.
Views: 24644 SQL TUTORIALS
Oracle tutorial : Using execution plan to optimize query in oracle
 
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Oracle tutorial: Explain plan for query optimization in Oracle PLSQL oracle tutorial for beginners using execution plan to optimize query sql query analyzer sql query cost analysis https://techquerypond.wordpress.com This oracle tutorial show you how to use EXPLAIN PLAN in oracle. This video covers how to check cost of the query from DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY . You can find the cost of the query using the Using EXPLAIN PLAN FOR and based on the result you can optimize the query for faster performance. Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 10908 Tech Query Pond
Oracle tutorial : Pivot In Oracle PL SQL
 
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Oracle tutorial : Pivot In Oracle PL SQL This tutorial will explain you how to use PIVOT clause in oracle. It will show you how oracle convert rows to columns dynamically oracle pivot multiple columns example of pivot table #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond pivot query in sql sql pivot simple pivot example
Views: 4621 Tech Query Pond
Locks   Blocks   Deadlocks
 
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Understanding Locks, Blocks and dead locks in oracle database.
Views: 3641 OrSkl Academy
flashback in Oracle | Oracle SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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Flashback in Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 14272 Naresh i Technologies
Difference between blocking and deadlocking
 
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deadlock vs blocking sql server In this video we will discuss the difference between blocking and deadlocking. This is one of the common SQL Server interview question. Let us understand the difference with an example. SQL Script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go Blocking : Occurs if a transaction tries to acquire an incompatible lock on a resource that another transaction has already locked. The blocked transaction remains blocked until the blocking transaction releases the lock. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that Transaction 2 is blocked by Transaction 1. Transaction 2 is allowed to move forward only when Transaction 1 completes. --Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 Waitfor Delay '00:00:10' Commit Transaction --Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 Commit Transaction Deadlock : Occurs when two or more transactions have a resource locked, and each transaction requests a lock on the resource that another transaction has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. So in this case, SQL Server intervenes and ends the deadlock by cancelling one of the transactions, so the other transaction can move forward. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that there is a deadlock between Transaction 1 and Transaction 2. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?sort=dd&view=1 Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/difference-between-blocking-and.html
Views: 71635 kudvenkat
Oracle Locks Part2  Killing a User Session
 
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Oracle Locks Part 2- Killing a User session- Neway IT Solutions
Table Shrinking in Oracle Database
 
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1.Shrink the Table: Shrinking is started from 10g. In this method I’m using user u1 and table name sm1. Now I’m deleting some rows in sm1 COUNT ---------- 1048576 Table sm1 has 1048576 rows. [email protected]: delete from sm1 where deptno=10; 262144 rows deleted. I deleted above number of rows. Rows COUNT ---------- 786432 And I’m giving commit [email protected]: commit; Commit complete. So now we have 786432 rows in sm1 table. Now see the following command [email protected]: select OWNER,TABLESPACE_NAME,SEGMENT_NAME,SEGMENT_TYPE,BYTES/1024/1024||' mb'"space",BLOCKS,EXTENTS from dba_segments where tablespace_name like 'U%TS'; OWNER TABLESPACE_NAME SEGMENT_NAME SEGMENT_TYPE space BLOCKS EXTENTS ----- --------------- ------------- ------------- ------ ---------- ---------- U1 U1TS SM1 TABLE 29 mb 3712 44 After I deleted some rows in sm1 table still above result showing same values, so now our duty is shrink this table. This is done by following 2 ways, i By using COMPACT key word: In this method shrinking is done in two phases. In the first phase all fragmented space are just defragmented, but still the High Water Mark is persist with last used block only. That mean used free blocks are not de allocated and HWM is not updated here. Issue the following command before use shrink command. [email protected] alter table sm1 enable row movement; Table altered. There is particular use with above command, when we shrink the table all rows are moves to contiguous blocks, so here row movement should be done. By default the row movement is disabled for any table, so above command enabled the row movement. Then execute shrink command now. [email protected]: alter table sm1 shrink space compact; Table altered. Now see the space of table by using below command. [email protected]: select OWNER,TABLESPACE_NAME,SEGMENT_NAME,SEGMENT_TYPE,BYTES/1024/1024||' mb'"space",BLOCKS,EXTENTS from dba_segments where tablespace_name like 'U%TS'; OWNER TABLESPACE_NAME SEGMENT_NAME SEGMENT_TYPE space BLOCKS EXTENTS ----- --------------- ------------- ------------- ------ ---------- ---------- U1 U1TS SM1 TABLE 29 mb 3712 44 So here seems nothing happened with above shrink command, but internally the fragmented space is defragmented. But the high water mark is not updated, used free blocks are also not de allocated. For de allocating the used blocks we have to execute below command. This is the second phase. [email protected]: alter table sm1 shrink space; Table altered. Now see the space by using below command. [email protected]: select OWNER,TABLESPACE_NAME,SEGMENT_NAME,SEGMENT_TYPE,BYTES/1024/1024||' mb'"space",BLOCKS,EXTENTS from dba_segments where tablespace_name like 'U%TS'; OWNER TABLESPACE_NAME SEGMENT_NAME SEGMENT_TYPE space BLOCKS EXTENTS ----- --------------- ------------- ------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- U1 U1TS SM1 TABLE 20.8125 mb 2664 36 So now the space of sm1 table is reduced. Note: Actually the alter table sm1 shrink space command will complete these two phases of the shrinking of table at a time. But here we done shrink process in two phases because when we use alter table sm1 shrink space command the table locked temporarily some time period, during this period users unable to access the table. So if we use alter table sm1 shrink space compact command the table is not locked but space is defragmented. When we not in business hours issue the second phase shrink command then users are won’t get any problem. ii Because of above method the table dependent objects are goes to invalid state, to overcome this problem we have to use below command. [email protected]: alter table sm1 shrink space cascade; Table altered. The above command also shrinks the space of all dependent objects. We also do this in two phases like above two phases. See the below command. [email protected]: alter table sm1 shrink space compact cascade; Table altered. And then [email protected]: alter table sm1 shrink space cascade; Table altered. Transporting tablespace to different platform by Using RMAN : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CN401PUKK4A Oracle EBS apps Upgrade from 12 2 to 12 2 5 (start CD 51) : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeO4goqR70Y Transport tablespace by using RMAN.: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YG6kWX7Par8
Views: 6778 BhagyaRaj Katta
Oracle Locks and Lock Trees
 
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Rows Locks and sessions waiting in a "tree order" on Row Locks in Oracle
Views: 213 Hemant K Chitale
Tutorial#17 How Oracle SQL Query Work Internally
 
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explaining how select SQL statement executes internally in Oracle database Or In other words how select statement retrieves data from the database Or ow a SELECT statement process query in Oracle Database Or Order of Query Execution In OracleSQL, SQL Parsing, SQL Optimization, row source generation, and SQL execution. In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lrnwthr/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 324 EqualConnect Coach
PL/SQL: Object Type
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn what is a object type in sql/plsql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12923 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle|Sql Diff Type of Tables Part-1 by basha
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Querying some V dollar views
 
11:05
#Oracle #V$Views Querying V$ performance views
Views: 988 Hemant K Chitale
Oracle   joins Part -1 by dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
Simplified DBA-019-Data Concurrency and Locks
 
03:56
DATA CONCURRENCY More than one user connections ( session ) can access same data. For example user1 and user2 can view same employee information at the same time. But not two users can modify same data in one time. This is maintained by oracle lock mechanism. Before the database allows a session to modify data, the session must first lock the data that is being modified. A lock gives the session exclusive control over the data so that no other transaction can modify the locked data until the lock is released. Transactions can lock individual rows of data, multiple rows, or even entire tables. Oracle Database supports both manual and automatic locking. Automatically acquired locks always choose the lowest possible level of locking to minimize potential conflicts with other transactions. Demo: User1 is modifying an employee. User1 session will acquire a lock on the row. Same time user2 is trying to modify same employee. Since User1 has acquired lock, user2 has to wait until user1 releases the lock. Manual locking is possible. A user can place a lock manually as follows: LOCK TABLE mytable1 IN EXCLUSIVE MODE; With the preceding statement, any other transaction that tries to update a row in the locked table must wait until the transaction that issued the lock request completes. EXCLUSIVE is the strictest lock mode. The following are the other lock modes: ROW SHARE: Permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits sessions from locking the entire table for exclusive access ROW EXCLUSIVE: Is the same as ROW SHARE, but also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. The ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting data. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks allow multiple readers and one writer. SHARE: Permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. A SHARE lock is required (and automatically requested) to create an index on a table. However, online index creation requires a ROW SHARE lock that is used when building the index.
Oracle Database Lock Mode
 
08:01
Tipe – tipe lock yang terdapat di oracle database
Views: 184 Muhammad Umar
SQL Server deadlock example
 
05:14
Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example_25.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists When can a deadlock occur In a database, a deadlock occurs when two or more processes have a resource locked, and each process requests a lock on the resource that another process has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. When deadlocks occur, SQL Server will choose one of processes as the deadlock victim and rollback that process, so the other process can move forward. The transaction that is chosen as the deadlock victim will produce the following error. Msg 1205, Level 13, State 51, Line 1 Transaction (Process ID 57) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction. SQL script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go The following 2 transactions will result in a dead lock. Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Next Video : We will discuss the criteria SQL Server uses to choose a deadlock victim
Views: 59905 kudvenkat
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-1
 
06:24
In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 23865 radhikaravikumar
Hints and Tips - Avoiding never ending locks - part 1
 
05:52
Row locking is a critical component of ensuring the integrity of your data inside the database. But locks of extended duration can easily create system-wide problems in your applications. This quick tip gives you some ideas for handling locks better. ====================================================== Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 1157 Connor McDonald
Query Tuning with tkprof
 
14:57
Demonstration of generating Oracle trace files and then turning these into tuning reports with the tkprof utility.
Views: 54794 Stephen Frein
How can I speed up a query if an index cannot help?
 
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blog: connor-mcdonald.com Highlights from the April DBA Office Hours session. Office Hours is 100% free Q&A sessions held every month by Oracle experts to help you succeed with the Oracle suite of technologies. Music: Smells Like Summer - Del (Vlog Music No Copyrighted) Video Link: https://youtu.be/IrkMsqcOjGU
Views: 1207 Connor McDonald
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
08:27
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 64635 radhikaravikumar
SQL: TRIM function
 
06:35
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use trim function PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2787 radhikaravikumar
How to solve ORA-28000: the account is locked
 
02:48
This video demonstrates how to solve the ORA-28000: the account is locked error. When we try to connect to a schema that has been locked by the DBA or by wrong password attempts then the error ORA:28000 is encountered. This video will demonstrate the ways in which the error can be resolved. To get the queries shown in the video, you can visit our website http://oracleplsqlblog.com/FullBlog/FullBlog/23
Views: 15947 Kishan Mashru
SQL: External Table Part-2
 
07:59
In this tutorial, you'll learn what are external tables and how to create external tables..
Views: 16544 radhikaravikumar

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