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CASE Function( IF..THEN..ELSE) in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: CASE STATEMENT The Oracle/PLSQL CASE statement has the functionality of an IF-THEN-ELSE statement. Starting in Oracle 9i, you can use the CASE statement within a SQL statement. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL CASE statement is: CASE [ expression ] WHEN condition_1 THEN result_1 WHEN condition_2 THEN result_2 ... WHEN condition_n THEN result_n ELSE result END --------- ARGUMENTS: expression is optional. It is the value that you are comparing to the list of conditions. (ie: condition_1, condition_2, ... condition_n) condition_1 to condition_n must all be the same datatype. Conditions are evaluated in the order listed. Once a condition is found to be true, the CASE statement will return the result and not evaluate the conditions any further. result_1 to result_n must all be the same datatype. This is the value returned once a condition is found to be true. NOTE: If no condition is found to be true, then the CASE statement will return the value in the ELSE clause. If the ELSE clause is omitted and no condition is found to be true, then the CASE statement will return NULL. You can have up to 255 comparisons in a CASE statement. Each WHEN ... THEN clause is considered 2 comparisons. Lets apply this function on emp table. Emp table has 3 dept numbers like 10,20 and 30. So if I want to display the different dept names based on ID, I have to use IF THEN ELSE condition. IF deptno=10 THEN "DEPT1" ELSE deptno=20 THEN "DEPT2" ELSE deptno=30 THEN "DEPT3" This entire IF block can be achived using CASE. CASE deptno WHEN 10 THEN 'DEPT1' WHEN 20 THEN 'DEPT2' WHEN 30 THEN 'DEPT3' ELSE 'NO DEPT' END; Query used in Video: select empno,ename,deptno,CASE deptno WHEN 10 THEN 'DEPT1' WHEN 20 THEN 'DEPT2' WHEN 30 THEN 'DEPT3' ELSE 'No Dept' END from emp;
Views: 15876 WingsOfTechnology
IF Statements in Oracle PL SQL with example
 
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Complete Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial for Beginners Playlist here https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLI5t0u6ye3FE_9SZcS0cQZDU2qn0uB1Oi ************************************************** This Video shows how to use IF THEN , ELSIF THEN and ELSE Statements in Oracle with examples for Beginners.
Views: 1543 yrrhelp
CASE STATEMENT(IF THEN ELSE) IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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The case statement gives the if-then-else kind of conditional ability to the otherwise static sql select statement, This video demonstrates how to write an case statement in oracle sql, and explains different aspects of the case statement. The video explains the execution flow of the case statement and advises on the best way to write one.
Views: 1664 Kishan Mashru
PL/SQL tutorial 3: SELECT INTO statement in PL/SQL by Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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How to initialize the variable by fetching values from the table of the database or by using SELECT INTO statement in PL/SQL by Manish Sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/select-into-statement-pl-sql Previous Tutorial ► Variables: https://youtu.be/2MNmodawvnE ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 112964 Manish Sharma
Oracle Database11g tutorials 5:  how to retrieve Data Using SQL SELECT statement || SQL tutorials
 
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This SQL tutorial and Oracle database 11g tutorial for beginners will show how to retrieve data using SQL SELECT statement. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 You can download the Script which is used in this SQL tutorial from this link https://copy.com/yDQ46Tb64efm Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/RebellionRider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from The Code makers
Views: 190075 Manish Sharma
Oracle Database Tutorial - SELECT Operators - DECODE, CASE, NVL, NVL2, SUM, COUNT etc
 
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This video tutorial on Oracle database provides detailed information on various operators used in SELECT statements. You can visit Oracle Database related videos here : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cDqlT7O8H0Q&list=PLRt-r4QiDOMfMmVU-8145pLcBxIdvAt8f&index=1 Website: http://guru4technoworld.wix.com/technoguru Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/a2zoftech/ Blog: http://dronatechnoworld.blogspot.com
Views: 46 Sandip M
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 13156 Caleb Curry
Oracle Select Like '% _' With Where Clause تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى m[email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How to use the Like condition with the Where Clause. البحث عن معلومة غير مكتملة Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query where clause select where Like '%' Like '_' select where Like
PL/SQL tutorial 10: PL/SQL IF THEN ELSIF Statement in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma
 
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Watch and learn IF THEN ELSIF (ELSIF ladder)statement in PL/SQL by Manish Sharma RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/if-then-elsif Previous Tutorial ► IF-ELSE https://youtu.be/IWsY_HzufKw ►Simple Case: https://youtu.be/DMlDwOmqAzo ►Searched Case: https://youtu.be/jk7k4TDs3F0 ►DECODE: https://youtu.be/lKXqXINCNLo ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 47322 Manish Sharma
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 162098 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
DECODE Function ( IF..THEN..ELSE) in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: DECODE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL DECODE function has the functionality of an IF-THEN-ELSE statement. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL DECODE function is: DECODE( expression , search , result [, search , result]... [, default] ) ARGUMENTS: expression is the value to compare. search is the value that is compared against expression. result is the value returned, if expression is equal to search. default is optional. If no matches are found, the DECODE function will return default. If default is omitted, then the DECODE function will return null (if no matches are found). Lets apply this function on emp table. Emp table has 3 dept numbers like 10,20 and 30. So if I want to display the different dept names based on ID, I have to use IF THEN ELSE condition. IF deptno=10 THEN "DEPT1" ELSE deptno=20 THEN "DEPT2" ELSE deptno=30 THEN "DEPT3" This entire IF block can be achived using single DECODE(). DECODE(deptno,10,'DEPT1',20,'DEPT2',30,'DEPT3') Query used in Video: select empno,ename,deptno,DECODE(deptno,10,'DEPT1',20,'DEPT2',30,'DEPT3') from emp;
Views: 5332 WingsOfTechnology
Why Is My Query Slow? More Reasons Storing Dates as Numbers Is Bad
 
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Storing dates as numbers can cause unexpected problems. In this video Chris looks at one possible issue: inconsistent query performance. He then shows methods you can use to improve performance, including function-based indexes and histograms. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 6622 The Magic of SQL
COALESCE Function in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: COALESCE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function returns the first non-null expression in the list. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function is: coalesce( expr1, expr2, ... expr_n ) PARAMETERS: expr1 to expr_n are the expressions to test for non-null values. EXAMPLE: The COALESCE function can be used in Oracle/PLSQL. You could use the coalesce function in a SQL statement as follows: SELECT COALESCE( address1, address2, address3 ) result FROM suppliers; The above COALESCE function is equivalent to the following IF-THEN-ELSE statement: IF address1 is not null THEN result := address1; ELSIF address2 is not null THEN result := address2; ELSIF address3 is not null THEN result := address3; ELSE result := null; END IF; The COALESCE function will compare each value, one by one. Lets apply the same to emp table. We have some NULL values in comm and mgr columns. but not in any other columns. So lets take a example for this 2 columns. COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) Here if comm is null, function returns mgr value. If mgr is null it returns sal value! Query used in video: SELECT ename,comm,mgr,sal,COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) result FROM emp;
Views: 6198 WingsOfTechnology
Oracle Forms 11g - When-Validate-Item Trigger
 
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The when-validate-item trigger is used in Oracle Forms to validate values entered into fields. This video tutorial takes you through the process of creating a when-validate-item trigger.
Views: 27067 Edward Honour
Understanding Correlated Queries in SQL
 
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Join Discussion: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/understanding-correlated-queries-sql IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 43863 Techtud
Select statement in sql server - Part 10
 
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In this video we will learn 1. Select specific or all columns 2. Distinct rows 3. Filtering with where clause. 4. Wild Cards in SQL Server 5. Joining multiple conditions using AND and OR operators 6. Sorting rows using order by 7. Selecting top n or top n percentage of rows Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2012/08/select-statement-part-10.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-10-all-about-select.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 324281 kudvenkat
Merge Statement in Oracle SQL with Example (UPDATE/DELETE or INSERT)
 
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This video demonstrates how to write a Merge Statement in oracle sql, how it is useful in doing a conditional update or delete or both of them when the condition between the target table and source table is evaluated to true, and how we can insert the record into the target table when condition is evaluated to false. The video also shows the use of UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT with Merge, and also the various possible ways to use a Merge statement!!!
Views: 7540 Kishan Mashru
Best Way to Write Basic SQL Queries
 
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SQL Server Query writing strategies is something I have yet to find in any book. When enthusiastic SQL students do this, they experience a revelation. The number of errors drops significantly and the speed at writing complex queries increases immediately. Knowing how to narrow down what we are looking for amongst a vast list of choices helps immensely. Grabbing the right tables first and then the fields second is akin to grabbing the right menu before ordering an item from it. In fact, one student named Tim took this back to his team of SQL developers and they immediately implemented this process. We are all used to following steps. Most of the time, actions are sequential from top to bottom or left to right. Other times we complete things in phases. The two phases we are going to use in this exercise apply to joining tables. This is easy to implement as we only need remember to organize first and clean up second. When visiting a new restaurant, we will ask to see the menu, because we want to see all they have to offer. The odds are that we might be interested in half of the items, but only need a few dishes for our group at the table. Looking at the menu is like starting a query with a ‘SELECT *’ statement. Once we have looked at all the fields, we narrow our choice(s) to only the items we want at the time. Sometimes restaurants have multiple menus. My favorite restaurant has a kids’ menu, an adult menu, a gluten-free menu and a drink menu. These menus were each gathered at our table. Ultimately, in my head, a selection was narrowed to what was needed. Phase I: Organize. When building a new query from many tables, we often find ourselves wondering, “Where do I start?” First, lay the steps out by identifying which tables contain the essential data. Second, get all the table joins working with a basic ‘SELECT *’ statement. Third, add any basic filtering criteria. Phase II: Itemize. Once all joins and criteria, such as SELECT, FROM and WHERE are working, we are ready for Phase II. This entails going back and changing our ‘SELECT *’ to an itemized SELECT field list as the final step. Let’s explore how this two-phase process of Organize and then Itemize can be a big time-saver. We are going to use one of the challenges from the last lab. In Lab 3.2 (Outer Joins), Skill Check 2, we needed to get four fields from two different tables. If we were to list all four desired fields and test one table at time, we will get an error as seen on the right side of the figure below. In the figure below we write a SELECT statement and part of the FROM clause. When completed, the FROM clause will have two tables, but for now we just want to get the Location table working. By using the ‘SELECT *’ strategy, we remove any possible errors from line 1. From there, we can focus on the more complicated logic used for joining tables together. We can add tables one at a time until everything is working. This is the Organize phase. NOTE: SELECT * never results in an Error message stating “invalid column name”, however; a SELECT list with itemized field(s) can have this error. After our query is organized and working, we can go back and itemize the SELECT field list to display only the fields that are necessary. This is done during Phase II (Itemize). The steps for this system are broken down as follows: Since SELECT is always the first statement in a query, it’s natural to want to write the field names before writing the FROM clause. However; we can save time and trouble by using the ‘*’ until the entire query is working properly. When this is complete, it is very easy to itemize the field list, with the confidence of knowing it will not cause any problems. Exercise: Simple membership for a club: Table1 (id_Member,name_Member, email_member, title, age, company) Table2 (id_Club,club_name, club_Location, address) Table3 (id_club, id_member,membership_date) Q1: Show all member names, email, age, and company from Table1 Q2: Show all club name, location, and address data Q3: Show member name, club name, club location (hint: Use joins and all 3 tables) You can find all other classes related to this video here: http://www.joes2pros.com/joes2pros/Course/Introduction_To_Microsoft_SQL_Server Enroll Today & Get the First Month for only $1! Use code: YOUTUBE1
Views: 191044 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Create new connection with new user in Oracle SQL Developer
 
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This video shows you how to create a new connection using a new user account (other than the system user account) in Oracle SQL Developer, so that you have a clean workspace without all the clutter of system tables. It is NOT a general introduction to using Oracle SQL Developer.
Views: 326439 Chitu Okoli
Oracle PL/SQL - IF THEN ELSIF Statement
 
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http://plsqlzerotopro.com This tutorial explains IF THEN ELSE IF statement.
Views: 6321 HandsonERP
Oracle - SQL - Select Statement
 
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Oracle - SQL - Select Statement Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Part 5   SQL query to find employees hired in last n months
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-5-sql-query-to-find-employees.html This question is asked is many sql server interviews. If you have used DATEDIFF() sql server function then you already know the answer. -- Replace N with number of months Select * FROM Employees Where DATEDIFF(MONTH, HireDate, GETDATE()) Between 1 and N
Views: 161491 kudvenkat
Part 1   How to find nth highest salary in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-1-how-to-find-nth-highest-salary_17.html This is a very common SQL Server Interview Question. There are several ways of finding the nth highest salary. By the end of this video, we will be able to answer all the following questions as well. How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a Sub-Query How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a CTE How to find the 2nd, 3rd or 15th highest salary Let's use the following Employees table for this demo Use the following script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int primary key identity, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', 'Pound', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Philip', 'Hastings', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values ('Valarie', 'Vikings', 'Female', 35000) Insert into Employees values ('John', 'Stanmore', 'Male', 80000) GO To find the highest salary it is straight forward. We can simply use the Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees To get the second highest salary use a sub query along with Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees where Salary [ (Select Max(Salary) from Employees) To find nth highest salary using Sub-Query SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT TOP N SALARY FROM EMPLOYEES ORDER BY SALARY DESC ) RESULT ORDER BY SALARY To find nth highest salary using CTE WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS DENSERANK FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE DENSERANK = N To find 2nd highest salary we can use any of the above queries. Simple replace N with 2. Similarly, to find 3rd highest salary, simple replace N with 3. Please Note: On many of the websites, you may have seen that, the following query can be used to get the nth highest salary. The below query will only work if there are no duplicates. WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS ROWNUMBER FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE ROWNUMBER = 3
Views: 831733 kudvenkat
Oracle Select Statement تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How to Retrieve Data using Select statement. Select كيفية إسترجاع البيانات بإستخدام Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query
Oracle Sql SELECT statement & Drl command ,where clause, Arithmetic Expressions
 
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SQL Where clause with example on Oracle 11g Database -Oracle Sql Arabic Course Basic SELECT statement & Arithmetic Expressions اوراكل ديفيلوبر SQL tutorial 49: CASE - Simple Case Expression in Oracle Database The WHERE Clause: Case Sensitivity and Collations ORACLE 11g Course Details - Using TOAD (Tool For Oracle Application Development) in training ... Clause; Comparison and conditional operations; Arithmetic and logical operations ... Using group by and having clause of DRL statement ... Understanding the practical approach to sub queries/nested select/sub select/inner ... SQL Editor commands Oracle 12C /Oracle12C-Wilson.asp About SQL&SQL*PLUS; Constraints; Normalization and De-Normalization; ER Diagrams ... Working with DML, DRL Commands; Operators Support. DML-Insert, update, delete; DQL-SELECT Statements using WHERE clause; Comparison and Conditional Operators; Arithmetic and Logical Operators; Set Operators (UNION, ... [PDF]Oracle SQL(Structured Query Language) www.isashitsolution.com/pdf/ORACLE.pdf. Oracle. SQL(Structured Query Language) ... Working with DML, DRL Commands. • Operators Support. Build In Function. • Arithmetic Functions, Character Functions, ... Grouping the Result of a Query. • Using Group by and Having Clause of DRL. Statement ... Using VIEWS for DML Operations. SQL select statement and functions - Nov 20, 2013 - SQL Statements ... SQL as the standard language Oracle SQL complies with ... SQL Statements DRL - Retrieves data from the database DML ... If any column value in an arithmetic expression is null, the result is null. .... The DUAL table is generally used for SELECT clause syntax ... [PDF]SQL Basics & PL-SQL - SQL School sqlschool.com/downloads/PLSQL-Training-SQLSchool.pdf SQL Basics & Oracle PL/SQL Developer Training. All Our Training ... COMMANDS. ✓ Structured Query Language (SQL) Basics ... Returning into clause, Bulk Collect. ✓ For All ... Recycle Bin, Regular Expressions in PLSQL ... DML Command DRL Commands Operators. ✓ INSERT ... Arithmetic and Logical Operators. Operators in SQL.... - PL/SQL-Developer plsql/2011/10/operators-in-sql.html Oct 26, 2011 - If we select the data using select statement from dual ... Arithmetic Operators are used to perform arithmetic operations on numeric ... This is the syntax for using the IN operator. ... Unlike In condition where we will match selective multiple values, we will match .... SQL Statements Part3 (DRL,TCL and DCL). learn oracle - Curly Brackets learn-oracle/ Oracle Pre Defined Data types; DDL Commands; Create, Alter (add, modify, rename, ... Arithmetic Functions, Character Functions, Date Functions, Conversion ... a Query. Using Group by and Having Clause of DRL Statement; Using Order by clause ... Understanding the practical approach to Sub Queries/Nested Select/Sub ... Oracle PL-SQL - SequelGate oracle-plsql-training.html Arithmetic Functions; Character Functions; Date functions; Conversion Functions ... Using Group by and Having Clause of DRL Statement; Using Order by clause ... CASE expression of Select Command, Temporary Tables/Global Tables; New ... : DRL, DDL, DML, TCL and DCL commands /2014/12/drl-ddl-dml-tcl-and-dcl-commands.html DRL, DDL, DML, TCL and DCL commands. DRL (Data Retrieval Language):. Select. DDL (Data Definition Language):. Create. Alter. Drop. Truncate. Missing: expressions SQL Count - Wikitechy https://www.wikitechy.com/tutorials/sql/sql-count Tags : sql tutorial , pl sql tutorial , mysql tutorial , oracle tutorial , learn sql , sql server tutorial. Syntax ... expression can be a column name, an arithmetic operation, or a star . ... In addition to the COUNT function in the SELECT statement. In those cases, these columns need to be part of the GROUP BY clause as well
Views: 35 Muo sigma classes
Rank and Dense Rank in SQL Server
 
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rank and dense_rank example difference between rank and dense_rank with example rank vs dense_rank in sql server 2008 sql server difference between rank and dense_rank In this video we will discuss Rank and Dense_Rank functions in SQL Server Rank and Dense_Rank functions Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns a rank starting at 1 based on the ordering of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, rank is reset to 1 when the partition changes Difference between Rank and Dense_Rank functions Rank function skips ranking(s) if there is a tie where as Dense_Rank will not. For example : If you have 2 rows at rank 1 and you have 5 rows in total. RANK() returns - 1, 1, 3, 4, 5 DENSE_RANK returns - 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 Syntax : RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions without PARTITION BY clause : In this example, data is not partitioned, so RANK() function provides a consecutive numbering except when there is a tie. Rank 2 is skipped as there are 2 rows at rank 1. The third row gets rank 3. DENSE_RANK() on the other hand will not skip ranks if there is a tie. The first 2 rows get rank 1. Third row gets rank 2. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions with PARTITION BY clause : Notice when the partition changes from Female to Male Rank is reset to 1 SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees Use case for RANK and DENSE_RANK functions : Both these functions can be used to find Nth highest salary. However, which function to use depends on what you want to do when there is a tie. Let me explain with an example. If there are 2 employees with the FIRST highest salary, there are 2 different business cases 1. If your business case is, not to produce any result for the SECOND highest salary, then use RANK function 2. If your business case is to return the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary, then use DENSE_RANK function Since we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Rank() function will not return any rows for the SECOND highest Salary. WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 Though we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Dense_Rank() function returns, the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 You can also use RANK and DENSE_RANK functions to find the Nth highest Salary among Male or Female employee groups. The following query finds the 3rd highest salary amount paid among the Female employees group WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, Gender, DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 3 AND Gender = 'Female' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server_1.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 69612 kudvenkat
Oracle PL/SQL - IF THEN ELSE Statement
 
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http://plsqlzerotopro.com This tutorial explains IF THEN ELSE Statement.
Views: 10843 HandsonERP
HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement
 
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Using HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement Link for scripts on my blog: https://sqlwithmanoj.com/2015/05/23/sql-basics-difference-between-where-group-by-and-having-clause/ Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 56847 SQL with Manoj
Part 2   SQL query to get organization hierarchy
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-2-sql-query-to-get-organization.html To get the best out of this video, the following concepts need to be understood first. These are already discussed in SQL Server Tutorial. 1. Self-Join - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnYSN_7qwgg 2. CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXB5b-7HJHk 3. Recursive CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGoV0wTMCg0 Here is the problem definition: 1. Employees table contains the following columns a) EmployeeId, b) EmployeeName c) ManagerId 2. If an EmployeeId is passed, the query should list down the entire organization hierarchy i.e who is the manager of the EmployeeId passed and who is managers manager and so on till full hierarchy is listed. For example, Scenario 1: If we pass David's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from David. Scenario 2: If we pass Lara's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from Lara. We will be Employees table for this demo. SQL to create and populate Employees table with test data Create table Employees ( EmployeeID int primary key identity, EmployeeName nvarchar(50), ManagerID int foreign key references Employees(EmployeeID) ) GO Insert into Employees values ('John', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Tom', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Lara', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Simon', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('David', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Stacy', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Sam', NULL) GO Update Employees Set ManagerID = 8 Where EmployeeName IN ('Mark', 'Steve', 'Lara') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 2 Where EmployeeName IN ('Stacy', 'Simon') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 3 Where EmployeeName IN ('Tom') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 5 Where EmployeeName IN ('John', 'Sam') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 4 Where EmployeeName IN ('David') GO Here is the SQL that does the job Declare @ID int ; Set @ID = 7; WITH EmployeeCTE AS ( Select EmployeeId, EmployeeName, ManagerID From Employees Where EmployeeId = @ID UNION ALL Select Employees.EmployeeId , Employees.EmployeeName, Employees.ManagerID From Employees JOIN EmployeeCTE ON Employees.EmployeeId = EmployeeCTE.ManagerID ) Select E1.EmployeeName, ISNULL(E2.EmployeeName, 'No Boss') as ManagerName From EmployeeCTE E1 LEFT Join EmployeeCTE E2 ON E1.ManagerID = E2.EmployeeId
Views: 266645 kudvenkat
SQL Inner Join Multiple Tables with SUM Tutorial - SQL 2008/2012/2016/2017
 
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Use inner joins with multiple tables to create reports. Uses aliases, and the SUM aggregate function to demonstrate the flexibility of the join statement. Get the SQL script to create the database and run the exercies in the video here: https://www.qewbi.com/sql/scripts/qewbijoins.zip
Views: 129983 Edward Kench
Correlated subquery in sql   Part 60
 
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In this video we will discuss about Corelated Subqueries In Part 59, we discussed about 2 examples that uses subqueries. Please watch Part 59, before proceeding with this video. We will be using the same tables and queries from Part 59. In the example below, sub query is executed first and only once. The sub query resutls are then used by the outer query. In a non-corelated subquery, the subquery can be executed independently of the outer query. Select [Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts where Id not in (Select Distinct ProductId from tblProductSales) If the subquery depends on the outer query for its values, then that sub query is called as a correlated subquery. In the where clause of the subquery below, "ProductId" column get it's value from tblProducts table that is present in the outer query. So, here the subquery is dependent on the outer query for it's value, hence this subquery is a correlated subquery. Correlated subqueries get executed, once for every row that is selected by the outer query. corelated subquery, cannot be executed independently of the outer query. Select [Name], (Select SUM(QuantitySold) from tblProductSales where ProductId = tblProducts.Id) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts order by Name Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/01/correlated-subquery-in-sql-part-60.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-60-co-related-subqueries.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 121772 kudvenkat
Oracle Basics - Select Statement syntax
 
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Hi All, Thanks for visiting DWH Tube Youtube channel. Today we are going to go through Oracle Basics – Select Statement. This video is going to cover the syntax of select statement in Oracle. Please go through the create table statement syntax videos if you are not aware of the concept. Oracle Basics – Create Table – Part 1 - https://youtu.be/mRoYeUeDLb0 Oracle Basics – Create Table – Part 2 - https://youtu.be/fDYVWfYo2BA -DWH Tube Team
Views: 18 DWH Tube
Select and Insert query in SQL | Part 4 | SQL tutorial for beginners | Tech Talk Tricks
 
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Welcome to tech talk tricks and in this video, we will learn about select and insert statement.So stay tuned and watch select and insert query in sql. #TechTalkTricks #RanaSingh The SELECT statement is used to select data from a database. The data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set. SELECT Syntax: SELECT column1, column2, ...FROM table_name; Here, column1, column2, ... are the field names of the table you want to select data from. If you want to select all the fields available in the table, use the following syntax: SELECT * FROM table_name; At tech talk trick channel you will learn all kind of technology like language,tutorials and amazing computer tips and tricks. insert into table from another table sql server insert into values select sql insert into values insert into sql multiple rows insert into select oracle insert into select mysql insert into table from another table oracle select into sql server ************************************************** Follow Tech Talk Trick on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/techtalktricks ************************************************** Follow tech talk trick on Twitter https://twitter.com/tecktalktrick ************************************************** Follow Tech Talk Tricks on Instagram https://www.instagram.com/techtalktricks ************************************************** Subscribe tech talk tricks on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/techtalktricks *************************************************** 1.How to make your computer start up & shutdown faster https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kSjizTn7MM 2.How To Trace Name/Address/Location Of UnKnown Number Easily https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyYfOP66l1Y 3.How to make web page print-friendly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPR7JHA0Apk 4.How to Lock Folder Without any software https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhEduEM9pws 5.How to enable undo in Gmail https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1fOwTQ3zJg 6.How To Recover All Deleted, Formatted, Damaged Files https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fl3DX6RBoqo 7.How to make Bootable USB pen drive for Windows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXJE859pxWg 8.How to Unlock Android Pattern or Pin Lock without losing data https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yN4JnAo7SvU 9.how to track a cell phone location for free https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0kCLyPJ8cM0 10.How to fix or repair pen drive using cmd https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny4VhM2TsWM 11.how to get wifi password of neighbor https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCFn6IjvnMM 12.How to Send an Email In Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo84GRHe5Vg 13.How To Setup Wifi Hotspot Without Any Software in Windows 10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Bzyvs44G50 14.how to download YouTube video without any software https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDfDGY3Be9Y 15.HOW TO SET SHUTDOWN TIMER IN WINDOWS OS (HINDI) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vb5Ou7sc4uk 16.How To Convert Word File (Any File Format) to PDF file (Any File Format) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nd0YtV9MwqQ 17.How To Hide Drive of Computer Using Command Prompt (Hindi) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AddrPKRGdSk
Views: 983 Tech Talk Tricks
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using SELECT and WHERE to Query a Table
 
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In this video I use the SELECT command to query information from my table. Rather than viewing the entire table I can select which columns I want to see as well as in which order I would like them to appear. I use the WHERE command to state a condition on the query that will result in narrowing my search. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 6928 Lecture Snippets
67 - Oracle PL/SQL Case Statement تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج Database 2 - PL/SQL Case Statement in Arabic Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W
Oracle SQL TUTORIAL – IF condition using CASE and DECODE  - An Example
 
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In this video, we shall see how case and decode is used in real time scenario. SQL used in the video is given below. SELECT * FROM emp_test ORDER BY gender; count_of_employees Count_of_Male_Employees Count OF Female Employees -- 15 5 8 select count(*) " Total Employees" from emp_test; select gender,count(*) " Total Employees" from emp_test group by gender; select sum(decode(gender,'M',1,0)) Count_OF_Male_Employees from emp_test; select sum(case gender when 'F' then 1 else 0 end) as Count_OF_FeMale_Employees from emp_test; SELECT count(*) " Total Employees" , sum(decode(gender,'M',1,0)) Count_OF_Male_Employees, sum(case gender when 'F' then 1 else 0 end) Count_OF_Female_Employees from emp_test;
Views: 17 Ganesh Anbarasu
PL/SQL tutorial IF THEN ELSE (IF-ELSE) Statement in PL/SQL
 
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This video is about pl sql basics,pl sql basic programs,basic pl sql programs,oracle pl sql basics,pl sql basics with examples,basic pl sql,basic pl sql queries,basics of pl sql,pl sql basics tutorial,pl sql basic concepts,basic pl
Views: 149 Nayabsoft
SQL SELECT statement database basics tutorial: learning, writing, using, examples
 
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SQL SELECT statement is the most commonly used command. Our SQL basics tutorial teaches you (writing and using) that SQL SELECT statement is used to query or retrieve data from a table in the database. Get more on Portnov Computer School website - http://www.portnov.com A query may retrieve information from specified columns or from all of the columns in the table. To create a simple SQL SELECT Statement, you must specify the column(s) name and the table name. The whole query is called SQL SELECT Statement. The SQL SELECT statement returns a result set of records from one or more tables. A SELECT statement retrieves zero or more rows from one or more database tables or database views. In most applications, SELECT is the most commonly used Data Manipulation Language (DML) command. As SQL is a declarative programming language, SELECT queries specify a result set, but do not specify how to calculate it. The database translates the query into a "query plan" which may vary between executions, database versions and database software. This functionality is called the "query optimizer" as it is responsible for finding the best possible execution plan for the query, within applicable constraints. Expressions combine many arithmetic operators, they can be used in SELECT, WHERE and ORDER BY Clauses of the SQL SELECT Statement. Here we will explain how to use expressions in the SQL SELECT Statement. About using expressions in WHERE and ORDER BY clause, they will be explained in their respective sections. The operators are evaluated in a specific order of precedence, when more than one arithmetic operator is used in an expression. The order of evaluation is: parentheses, division, multiplication, addition, and subtraction. The evaluation is performed from the left to the right of the expression.
Views: 177679 portnovschool
Oracle Basic Query Syntax
 
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Topic : Oracle Basic Query Syntax : Select Statement 4th Video of this Series Comments/Suggestions are welcome get in touch with us, by mailing [email protected] , Or comment down here if you have any questions. This is an Unedited Video from the Live sessions on Sql (RDBMS) I will be posting a complete series of these tutorials on this channel, If you would like to be notified every time i post something ; Please subscribe to this channel and press the bell icon.
Views: 5 CodeSmith 001
Subqueries in sql   Part 59
 
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In this video we will discuss about subqueries in sql server. Let us understand subqueris with an example. Please create the required tables and insert sample data using the script below. Create Table tblProducts ( [Id] int identity primary key, [Name] nvarchar(50), [Description] nvarchar(250) ) Create Table tblProductSales ( Id int primary key identity, ProductId int foreign key references tblProducts(Id), UnitPrice int, QuantitySold int ) Insert into tblProducts values ('TV', '52 inch black color LCD TV') Insert into tblProducts values ('Laptop', 'Very thin black color acer laptop') Insert into tblProducts values ('Desktop', 'HP high performance desktop') Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 5) Insert into tblProductSales values(2, 250, 7) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 4) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 9) Write a query to retrieve products that are not at all sold? This can be very easily achieved using subquery as shown below. Select [Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts where Id not in (Select Distinct ProductId from tblProductSales) Most of the times subqueries can be very easily replaced with joins. The above query is rewritten using joins and produces the same results. Select tblProducts.[Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId where tblProductSales.ProductId IS NULL In this example, we have seen how to use a subquery in the where clause. Let us now discuss about using a sub query in the SELECT clause. Write a query to retrieve the NAME and TOTALQUANTITY sold, using a subquery. Select [Name], (Select SUM(QuantitySold) from tblProductSales where ProductId = tblProducts.Id) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts order by Name Query with an equivalent join that produces the same result. Select [Name], SUM(QuantitySold) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId group by [Name] order by Name From these examples, it should be very clear that, a subquery is simply a select statement, that returns a single value and can be nested inside a SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE statement. It is also possible to nest a subquery inside another subquery. According to MSDN, subqueries can be nested upto 32 levels. Subqueries are always encolsed in paranthesis and are also called as inner queries, and the query containing the subquery is called as outer query. The columns from a table that is present only inside a subquery, cannot be used in the SELECT list of the outer query. Next Video: What to choose for performance? Queries that involve a subquery or a join Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/01/subqueries-in-sql-part-59.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-59-subqueries-in-sql-server.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 195311 kudvenkat
Oracle SQL#68 SubQuery in Oracle SQL Database by rakesh malviya
 
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Explaining what is SubQuery in Oracle SQL and How SubQuery internally work in Oracle SQL database a subquery is a query within a query(Parent and Child Query). You can create subqueries within your SQL statements. These subqueries can reside in the WHERE, FROM and SELECT clause ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Assignment Link: Assignment Link will come Soon --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow Rakesh Malviya on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 24 EqualConnect Coach
Part 12   Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/09/part-12-can-we-join-two-tables-without.html Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation Yes, we can join two tables without primary foreign key relation as long as the column values involved in the join can be converted to one type. ID column in Departments table is not the primary Key and DepartmentId column in Employees table is not the foreign key. But we can still join these tables using ID column from Departments table and DepartmentId column from Employees table, as both the columns involved in the join have same data type i.e int. Select Employees.Name as EmployeeName, Departments.Name as DepartmentName from Employees join Departments on Departments.ID = Employees.DepartmentId The obious next question is, if primary foreign key relation is not mandatory for 2 tables to be joined then what is the use of these keys? Primary key enforces uniqueness of values over one or more columns. Since ID is not a primary key in Departments table, 2 or more departments may end up having same ID value, which makes it impossible to distinguish between them based on the ID column value. Foreign key enforces referential integrity. Without foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, it is possible to insert a row into Employees table with a value for DepartmentId column that does not exist in Departments table. The following insert statement, successfully inserts a new Employee into Employees table whose DepartmentId is 100. But we don't have a department with ID = 100 in Departments table. This means this employee row is an orphan row, and the referential integrity is lost as result Insert into Employees values (8, 'Mary', 'Female', 80000, 100) If we have had a foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, the following insert statement would have failed with the following error. Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint. The conflict occurred in database "Sample", table "dbo.Departments", column 'ID'.
Views: 108727 kudvenkat
Learn Oracle | Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement
 
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Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 245 Pebbles Tutorials
Dynamic SQL in Stored Procedure
 
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In this video we will discuss, using dynamic sql in a stored procedure and it's implications from sql injection perspective. We will discuss performance implications of using dynamic sql in a stored procedure in a later video. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure_11.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All SQL Server Tutorial Videos https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL08903FB7ACA1C2FB All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists Consider the following stored procedure "spSearchEmployees". We implemented this procedure in Part 139 of SQL Server tutorial. This stored procedure does not have any dynamic sql in it. It is all static sql and is immune to sql injection. Create Procedure spSearchEmployees @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Select * from Employees where (FirstName = @FirstName OR @FirstName IS NULL) AND (LastName = @LastName OR @LastName IS NULL) AND (Gender = @Gender OR @Gender IS NULL) AND (Salary = @Salary OR @Salary IS NULL) End Go Whether you are creating your dynamic sql queries in a client application like ASP.NET web application or in a stored procedure, you should never ever concatenate user input values. Instead you should be using parameters. Notice in the following example, we are creating dynamic sql queries by concatenating parameter values, instead of using parameterized queries. This stored procedure is prone to SQL injection. Let's prove this by creating a "Search Page" that calls this procedure. Create Procedure spSearchEmployeesBadDynamicSQL @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Declare @sql nvarchar(max) Set @sql = 'Select * from Employees where 1 = 1' if(@FirstName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and FirstName=''' + @FirstName + '''' if(@LastName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and LastName=''' + @LastName + '''' if(@Gender is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and Gender=''' + @Gender + '''' if(@Salary is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and Salary=''' + @Salary + '''' Execute sp_executesql @sql End Go Add a Web Page to the project that we have been working with in our previous video. Name it "DynamicSQLInStoredProcedure.aspx". Copy and paste the HTML and code available on my blog at the following link http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure.html At this point, run the application and type the following text in the "Firsname" text and click "Search" button. Notice "SalesDB" database is dropped. Our application is prone to SQL injection as we have implemented dynamic sql in our stored procedure by concatenating strings instead of using parameters. ' Drop database SalesDB -- In the following stored procedure we have implemented dynamic sql by using parameters, so this is not prone to sql injecttion. This is an example for good dynamic sql implementation. Create Procedure spSearchEmployeesGoodDynamicSQL @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Declare @sql nvarchar(max) Declare @sqlParams nvarchar(max) Set @sql = 'Select * from Employees where 1 = 1' if(@FirstName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@LastName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@Gender is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@Salary is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' Execute sp_executesql @sql, N'@FN nvarchar(50), @LN nvarchar(50), @Gen nvarchar(50), @sal int', @[email protected], @[email protected], @[email protected], @[email protected] End Go On the code-behind page, use stored procedure spSearchEmployeesGoodDynamicSQL instead of spSearchEmployeesBadDynamicSQL. We do not have to change any other code. At this point run the application one more time and type the following text in the "Firstname" textbox and click the "Search" button. ' Drop database SalesDB -- Notice "SalesDB" database is not dropped, So in this case our application is not succeptible to SQL injection attack. Summary : Whether you are creating dynamic sql in a client application (like a web application) or in a stored procedure always use parameters instead of concatnating strings. Using parameters to create dynamic sql statements prevents sql injection.
Views: 27917 kudvenkat
Example of Using a Case Statement in Oracle Database
 
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Example of Using a Case Statement in Oracle Database
Views: 473 Theodore Timpone
PL/SQL tutorial 2 : PL/SQL Variables in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Watch and learn how to declare a variable and different ways of initialize a variable in PL/SQL by Manish Sharma Rebellion Rider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/variables-in-PL-SQL Previous Tutorial ► Block Types: https://youtu.be/rbarR4_gaH8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 150701 Manish Sharma
Oracle Database11g tutorials 1: how to retrieve Data Using SQL SELECT statement || SQL tutorials
 
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This SQL tutorial and oracle database 11g tutorial for beginners it will show you how to use SQL SELECT statement to retrieve data It will build up your logic how we use SQL statements. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL developer. If you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. These SQL tutorial is a part of free training. Email [email protected] Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/himanshu dovriyal Thanks for watching,linking,commenting,sharing my videos ============ I will try my best to give you perfect knowledge about this full course. ===============
Views: 101 Oracle Life
Oracle Database tutorials 4:  database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt
 
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Blog Link: http://bit.ly/how-to-create-new-connection-in-sql-developer Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon This SQL tutorial and Oracle database 11g tutorial for beginners will show how to connect to database either on a local machine or on a machine in your LAN using ip address. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL developer & command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. If you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/RebellionRider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos The Code makers
Views: 268624 Manish Sharma
Over clause in SQL Server
 
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over partition by in sql server 2008 sql server over clause partition partition by clause in sql server 2008 over partition by clause in sql In this video we will discuss the power and use of Over clause in SQL Server. The OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY is used to break up data into partitions. Syntax : function (...) OVER (PARTITION BY col1, Col2, ...) The specified function operates for each partition. For example : COUNT(Gender) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender) will partition the data by GENDER i.e there will 2 partitions (Male and Female) and then the COUNT() function is applied over each partition. Any of the following functions can be used. Please note this is not the complete list. COUNT(), AVG(), SUM(), MIN(), MAX(), ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), DENSE_RANK() etc. Example : SQl Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go Write a query to retrieve total count of employees by Gender. Also in the result we want Average, Minimum and Maximum salary by Gender. This can be very easily achieved using a simple GROUP BY query as show below. SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender What if we want non-aggregated values (like employee Name and Salary) in result set along with aggregated values You cannot include non-aggregated columns in the GROUP BY query. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender The above query will result in the following error : Column 'Employees.Name' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause One way to achieve this is by including the aggregations in a subquery and then JOINING it with the main query as shown in the example below. Look at the amount of T-SQL code we have to write. SELECT Name, Salary, Employees.Gender, Genders.GenderTotals, Genders.AvgSal, Genders.MinSal, Genders.MaxSal FROM Employees INNER JOIN (SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender) AS Genders ON Genders.Gender = Employees.Gender Better way of doing this is by using the OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(Gender) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MaxSal FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server_29.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 79833 kudvenkat

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