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Oracle interview question difference between null functions
 
07:23
Difference between NVL,NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE NVL function will check whether the first input parameter is null, if first input parameter is null then the function returns the second parameter value as output. NVL2 function will check the first parameter, and return second parameter if the first parameter is not null, otherwise returns third parameter. NULLIF will compare the input parameters ( first and second parameter ), and returns NULL of both are same, otherwise returns the first parameter value. COALESCE, returns the first not null expression in the given input parameters. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- List of all the SQL and PLSQL interview questions https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/p/oracle-sql-plsql-interview-questions.html
Views: 997 Siva Academy
NULL-Related Functions in Oracle
 
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An overview of some of the functions Oracle provides to handle NULL values in SQL and PL/SQL. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/null-related-functions Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Bjoern Rost Blog: http://portrix-systems.de/blog/brost/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/brost Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 2743 ORACLE-BASE.com
NULL Value in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners
 
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NULL Value in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners NULL Value in Oracle Database NULL Value in Oracle SQL NULL Value in SQL NULL Value in Oracle Database Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners how to select null values in oracle oracle compare null values in where clause null=null in oracle how to handle null in case statement in oracle how to check null value in oracle stored procedure oracle nvl null value in oracle query how to check empty column value in oracle how to select null values in oracle oracle is null vs = null oracle nvl oracle is not null oracle decode oracle isnull oracle case when null select null from table in oracle oracle compare null values in where clause oracle select null how to check empty column value in oracle oracle sql not null or empty oracle is not null how to handle null in case statement in oracle oracle isnull oracle nvl
Views: 711 Oracle PL/SQL World
Oracle SQL Tutorial -  Handling Null values
 
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In this video, we will see how to handle null values. Retrieving rows where specific column value IS NULL or NOT NULL. Also, we will see functions to handle NULL values. NVL ,NVL2 and NULL IF functions.
Views: 46 Ganesh Anbarasu
Replace Null Value and Coalesce function in SQL Hindi Lesson 33
 
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In this video we will learn how to replace null value using Isnull function, Coalesce function and case statement.
Views: 1072 Vijay Mulsaniya
IS NOT NULL, IS NULL, NVL FUNCTION in oracle sql
 
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Oracle sql tutorial, How to select, retrieve rows with null values, not null values and NVL function in oracle SQL
129 Oracle 11g Tutorials   Group Functions & Null Values (By MrMerchant Co.)
 
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Oracle 11g Complete Tutorials - PART129 Don't forget to subscribe to my channel. (source: Coding Arena). BOOKS FOR REFERENCE. OCA Oracle Database SQL Certified Expert Exam Guide (Exam 1Z0-047) https://amzn.to/2xy71is Learning SQL: Master SQL Fundamentals - https://amzn.to/2QI0DO7 SQL Pocket Guide: A Guide to SQL Usage - https://amzn.to/2NnI1F7 SQL Cookbook: Query Solutions and Techniques for Database Developers - https://amzn.to/2QCzJY2 Oracle Database 12C: The Complete Reference - https://amzn.to/2QHpWjq OCP: Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional - https://amzn.to/2NqChKU
Views: 3 MrMerchant Co.
Oracle DENSE_RANK Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/ The Oracle DENSE_RANK function allows you to calculate a rank of a row in a group of rows. It returns this rank as a NUMBER value. This function can be used as either an analytic or an aggregate function, and the syntax depends on how you use it. As an aggregate function it looks like this: DENSE_RANK ( expr, [expr(n)] ) WITHIN GROUP ( ORDER BY (order_expr [ASC|DESC] [NULLS FIRST|LAST] ) These parameters are: - expr: this is the value to search for in a particular table. You can specify multiple search values, and just separate them by a comma. - order_expr: this is used to order the expr values by, because you get a different results depending on what order you rank the values in. - NULLS FIRST or LAST: this is where you can specify if you want to have NULL values appear at the top of your ranking order or at the bottom. As an analytic function, it looks like this: DENSE_RANK() OVER ( [query_partition_clause] order_by_clause) The parameters are: - query_partition_clause: this is the expression that the ranking is “grouped” by, as analytic functions allow you to group data within rows. - order_by_clause: this is the expression to order your results by to determine a rank. For this function, if two records have the same sort or rank position, they will have the same RANK value. It won’t cause a gap in the rankings, unlike the RANK function which does cause a gap. For more information about the Oracle DENSE_RANK function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dense_rank/
Views: 440 Database Star
Null: Databases for Developers #10
 
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The null value represents missing or unknown information. But using it brings complications to your SQL. In this video Chris discusses how to work with null to ensure you get the correct results. Further reading: Oracle Database SQL Reference on Nulls: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Nulls.htm#SQLRF30037 Null related functions: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Single-Row-Functions.htm#SQLRF51187 Is null condition: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Null-Conditions.htm#SQLRF52152 Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 3319 The Magic of SQL
Oracle LAG & LEAD Functions / Arabic
 
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--The LAG function is used to access data from a previous row --LAG (value_expression [,offset] [,default]) OVER ([query_partition_clause] order_by_clause) --value_expression - Can be a column or a built-in function, except for other analytic functions. --offset - The number of rows preceeding/following the current row, from which the data is to be retrieved. The default value is 1. --default - The value returned if the offset is outside the scope of the window. The default value is NULL. -- The LEAD function is used to return data from the next row. --LEAD (value_expression [,offset] [,default]) OVER ([query_partition_clause] order_by_clause)
Views: 736 khaled alkhudari
SQL, Count function and null values, 22Ae50
 
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behaviour of count function with a column that has null values
Views: 1295 hammadshams
SQL Tutorial 7: CONCAT function, ORDER BY, NULL value
 
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How do you concatenate or combine columns and place it on a derived column? How do you check if a column contains NULL value? How do your arrange rows or records in descending or ascending order? The video presents sample problems with solution as you work with a SELECT statement. CONCAT () function combines data among columns. It is not limited with two columns but may work with multiple columns as you combine it with another CONCAT function. Use two double-pipe symbols (||) instead if you opt not to use CONCAT function. Not all columns are filled up or has values on it in a given table. When a column contains no data even a single space, it has a NULL value. In using DB2 command line, a NULL column is represented by a single dash. When generating a SELECT statement output it has no general sorting order on its result. To specify the correct sorting order, use ORDER BY clause after FROM. Ascending is the default order when sorting a particular column. If you want to sort in descending order, use DESC. Sort order is not limited with one column. You may combine with multiple columns by specifying which column to sort first followed by the next column order to sort. CONCAT, ORDER BY, and NULL are universal in all dbms SQL products. It is the same if you use MS SQL Server, MySQl, Informix, Oracle, and DB2. Link for the ebook will be announced later.
Views: 2081 Jerry Esperanza
Tutorial 44 : NULL in Oracle || NVL() Explained
 
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Hi Friends! Here we are learning about what is NULL in Oracle. How we can deal with NULL Values. How NVL() Function helps us with NULL Value. Hope the concept and example would be clear to you. For any help or issue, let me know in comment box. Thanks, Happy Coding.
Views: 91 YourSmartCode
Null value in oracle
 
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this video describes null concept in oracle. join the group and share your knowledge and ask your doubts. https://www.facebook.com/groups/940425699338535/
Oracle NVL Function Explained with Examples
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/ The Oracle NVL function allows you to check a value and return a different value if that value is NULL. It’s great for using another value if the first one is NULL or an optional value, for example people’s phone numbers. It’s also good alongside aggregate functions and grouping so you can see what the difference is between a subtotal row and an actual NULL value. The syntax of the Oracle NVL function is: NVL( check_value, replace_value ) The parameters are: - check_value (mandatory): This is the value that is displayed to the user. It is also the value that is checked for NULL. - replace_value (mandatory): This is the value that appears if the check_value is NULL. The function can use many different data types as parameters: string, date, or numeric. However, both parameters need to be the same type. For more information about the Oracle NVL function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/
Views: 511 Database Star
HANDLE NULL VALUES IN ORACLE USING NVL FUNCTION
 
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In this video tutorial we will see how to handle null values using nvl function
Views: 13 DWBIADDA VIDEOS
Tutorial 46 : NULL in Oracle || NULLIF()
 
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Hi Friends! Here we are learning about NULLIF() function which gives you flexibility to deal with NULL value in Oracle. Hope the concept and example would be clear to you. Please let me know your feedback in comment box. Thanks! Happy Coding.
Views: 39 YourSmartCode
26. IS NULL and IS NOT NULL in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 22264 Geeky Shows
SQL Tutorial in Oracle - 4 NULL, LIKE, DISTINCT, ORDER BY
 
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SQL SELECT statement is used to fetch the data from a database table which returns data in the form of result table. These result tables are called result-sets. The LIKE operator is used in a WHERE clause to search for a specified pattern in a column. In SQL, wildcard characters are used with the SQL LIKE operator. SQL wildcards are used to search for data within a table. With SQL, the wildcards are: Wildcard Description % A substitute for zero or more characters _ A substitute for a single character [charlist] Sets and ranges of characters to match [^charlist] or [!charlist] Matches only a character NOT specified within the brackets Check out our website: http://www.telusko.com Follow Telusko on Twitter: https://twitter.com/navinreddy20 Follow on Facebook: Telusko : https://www.facebook.com/teluskolearnings Navin Reddy : https://www.facebook.com/navintelusko Follow Navin Reddy on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/navinreddy20 Subscribe to our other channel: Navin Reddy : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxmkk8bMSOF-UBF43z-pdGQ?sub_confirmation=1 Telusko Hindi : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCitzw4ROeTVGRRLnCPws-cw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 18886 Telusko
Tutorial#27 How  NULL value treated in Oracle SQL Database|IS NULL Operator
 
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Online SQL tutorial , explaining about the different ways to treats NULL values in Oracle SQL server or How we can replace null values with some other values using IS NULL Operator or Different ways to replace NULL in SQL server IS NULL and IS NOT NULL in SQL or IS NULL Operator in SQL Query with Example orHow to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL or Problems with Null Value in SQL or is NOT NULL, IS NULL, NVL FUNCTION in Oracle SQL or How can I find unknown values? orHow to convert null to 0 in SQL server orNull value in Oracle or replacing NULL in SQL In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lrnwthr/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 124 EqualConnect Coach
Oracle SQL Lecture 32: How are NULL values treated while Sorting Data
 
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How are NULL values treated while Sorting Data https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnBpiBIOtRgMsk4G7Ri1jbQ
Views: 568 Oracle SQL
Tutorial 47 : NULL in Oracle || COALESCE()
 
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Hi Friends, Here we are learning about COALESCE() function in Oracle, which will help you to deal with NULL value in best way. Hope the concept and example would be clear to you. Please let me know you feedback in comment box. Thanks! Happy Coding.
Views: 27 YourSmartCode
How to display NULL Value Different ways in SQL Developer | Oracle SQL Developer Tips and Tricks
 
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How to display NULL Value Different ways in Oracle SQL Developer | Oracle SQL Developer Tips and Tricks How to display NULL Different ways in Oracle SQL Developer How to display NULL Different ways in Oracle SQL Developer | Oracle SQL Developer Tips and Tricks Oracle SQL Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Database Tutorial for Beginners Oracle SQL Developer Tips and Tricks Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Tutorial How to display NULL Values Different ways in Oracle SQL Developer How to display NULL Values Different ways in SQL Developer Oracle / SQL Developer displaying (null) in column SQL Developer display null Different Value Oracle SQL Developer display null Different Value How to display null different ways in sql developer
Views: 145 Oracle PL/SQL World
Oracle Table Creation Inserting Records Null Values 1
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
SQL Null or Empty   How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server   SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Null or Empty - How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server - SQL Training Online You can download the sample table script at http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/how-to-filter-for-sql-null-or-empty-string/. In this video, I show you how to filter for a SQL null or empty string. It can be difficult to filter a null because you can't simply compare with an equal sign. You have to use a special IS NULL clause to make the filter work. I also show you how to combine both the SQL Null and Empty String together in a special trick with the isnull SQL Server function. I use SQL Server 2012 to demonstrate the technique. Let me know what you think by commenting or sharing on twitter, facebook, google+, etc. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 18541 Joey Blue
Null values in SQL Server - Part 33 Tamil
 
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Subscribe to IT PORT : https://www.youtube.com/c/itport28 SQL Server Tutorial in Tamil : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ64enJDwWVvN3KduuZRlUrb3 SQL Server Concepts in Tamil : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ67kdNIByJKAGBIBhor_h4Hs SQL Server Analytic Functions in Tamil : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ65XIU5azEUgLVrBKEl-jWMV SQL Server Tutorial : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ66AYrzPtxt2SeeR4UABcBcO SQL Server Concepts : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ66zRe8-nDDy-YHY2o0rmbn4 SQL Server Analytic Functions : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLouAaeZ4xQ64hTsEdhLsVBquE1vERWngX A column with a NULL value is a column with no value. If a column in a table is optional, it is possible to insert a new record or update a record without adding a value to this column. Then, the column will be saved with a NULL value. Explained in Tamil
Views: 469 IT Port
Group Functions and Null Values: SQL Tutorial 57
 
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Please watch: "Install Oracle Database 12c Release 2 on Windows 10 Professional 64 bit" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5705VFJmku0 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- : SQL Tutorial
Views: 52 Solution Wizard
SQL6 - NULL values; the COUNT function
 
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What NULL values are, using "IS NULL" and "IS NOT NULL" in where statements. The count function, including examples of using COUNT with a WHERE clause.
Views: 756 Charles Boisvert
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
05:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4830 radhikaravikumar
SQL 21 NVL function Ae47
 
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Use of NVL in oracle to deal with null values
Views: 1209 hammadshams
NVL2 Function in SQL Query
 
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NVL2(): The Oracle NVL2 function extends the functionality found in the NVL function. It lets you substitutes a value when a null value is encountered as well as when a non-null value is encountered. Syntax: NVL2( string1, value_if_NOT_null, value_if_null ) Arguments: string1 is the string to test for a null value. value_if_NOT_null is the value returned if string1 is not null. value_if_null is the value returned if string1 is null. Queries used in video: select ename, NVL2(mgr,'Yes','No Manager') from emp; select ename,sal,NVL2(comm,'Has some value here','No Value') from emp;
Views: 1615 WingsOfTechnology
Handling NULL using NVL , NVL2
 
05:21
If a column in a row has no value, then the column is said to be null, or to contain null. Nulls can appear in columns of any datatype that are not restricted by NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY integrity constraints. Use a null when the actual value is not known or when a value would not be meaningful. Oracle Database treats a character value with a length of zero as null. However, do not use null to represent a numeric value of zero, because they are not equivalent. -Nulls in SQL Functions NVL NVL2 NULLIF COALESCE Follow the steps given in video : https://youtu.be/FtZ8RhTbaYM and Learn How to handle NULL using NULL handling Function.
Views: 329 Oracle Tutorial
ORACLE SQL AND PL/SQL INTERVIEW QUESTION : SUBQUERY WITH NULL / NOT IN / NOT EXISTS OR OUTER JOIN
 
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This video demonstrates the oracle sql interview question where one need to use either not in, not exists or an outer join to get the desired result. For example if one is asked to fetch records from department table where department_id is not present in employee table
Views: 2131 Kishan Mashru
PL/SQL Tutorial | COALESCE Function in Oracle Database
 
05:31
Learn fetching all non-null expression using oracle Coalesce function with example. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. Coalesce function in Oracle, What is coalesce function, When to use coalesce function, How to use coalesce function in oracle, How to fetch non-null values in oracle using coalesce, Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
SQL: LEAD Function
 
06:30
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lead function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2179 radhikaravikumar
05-Oracle SQL Arabic Course - Null Value & Column Aliases -اوراكل ديفلوبر
 
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الدرس الخامس من سلسلة دروس تعلم أوراكل محتويات الدرس: 1- NULL Values. 2- Null values in Arithmetic Expressions. 3- Column Alias. .......................................­.................... تواصل معانا علي الفيس بوك من هنا : https://www.facebook.com/askgad .......................................­.................... تواصل معانا علي موقعنا من هنا : https://www.askgad.com/
Views: 4677 Ask Gad
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 3 : NULL
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 3 : Null Values
Views: 1754 Just Channel
SQL tutorial 73: NVL2 SQL null function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Part 2: SQL Null Function NVL2 learn the concepts of NVL null function in this tutorial with examples and all the Interview concepts covered ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/nvl2-null-function Previous Tutorial ► NVL function https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 22167 Manish Sharma
DECODE FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video tutorial explains with proper example on how to write a decode statement, this video also demonstrates how the decode statement behaves on null values and implicit datatype conversion that happens in a decode statement.
Views: 2690 Kishan Mashru
SQL 065 Scalar Functions, COALESCE or How do I get first non-NULL value?
 
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Explains the Scalar Function COALESCE or How do I get the first non-NULL value. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 782 cbtinc
Oracle execute immediate dynamic sql  passing null value to bind argument Part 9
 
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Oracle SQL PLSQL and Unix Shell Scripting
Views: 313 Sridhar Raghavan
How to Concatenate String Values with Integer values in SQL Server - TSQL Tutorial
 
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How to Concatenate String and Integer Values in SQL Server ( + Sign vs CONCAT ) - TSQL Tutorial Working with Databases is fun. On daily basis we save data into tables in different columns and often we need to write queries which involve concatenation of multiple columns of different datatypes to produce our final output. In below example we have saved some data into #Customer Table which has Street Address column as string and zip as INT. we want to produce Full Address by concatenating these columns. To concatenate we can use + sign but this works only with String values. So if we have any Integer value/s we have to convert them to String first. We can use Cast or Convert function to convert Integer value to string. Also if there is any Null value among which values we are concatenating , our output will be Null by using + sign. To take care of that part we can use either ISNULL() or Coalesce Function to replace NULL with blank value in SQL Server. In SQL Server 2012 and Later versions, CONCAT function was introduced. You can concatenate multiple values by using this function. Fun part of this function is you don't have to worry about Null outcome as it will Ignore Null values and also you don't have to worry about converting INT into strings, It will take care of that automatically. So if you are using new versions such as 2012 or later, start taking advantage of this function. Blog post link for the video with script http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/03/how-to-concatenate-string-and-integer.html
Views: 15739 TechBrothersIT
NULL values in DBMS...how to insert null value in table in sql
 
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how to insert null value in table in sql #sqltutorial#oracletutorial#databasetutorial
Views: 1788 Viral Fun Tube
Oracle DECODE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/ The Oracle DECODE function lets you perform IF-THEN-ELSE functionality in your queries. It’s similar to a CASE statement. The syntax of the DECODE function is: DECODE ( expression, search, result [, search, result]... [,default] ) The parameters of the Oracle DECODE function are: - expression (mandatory): This is the value to compare. - search (mandatory): This is the value to compare against the expression. - result (mandatory): This is the return value if the search value matches the expression value. There can be multiple combinations of search and result values, and the result value is attached to the previous search value. - default (optional): If none of the search values match, then this value is returned. If this is not provided, the DECODE function will return NULL if no matches are found. If you compare this to an IF-THEN-ELSE statement, it would look like this: IF (expression = search) THEN result [ELSE IF (expression = search) THEN result] ELSE default END IF The parameters can be one of many different data types, and the return type is calculated from them. Earlier I mentioned it’s similar to CASE. So why would you use one and not the other? - DECODE is an older function, and CASE was introduced as a replacement for DECODE. - CASE offers more flexibility then DECODE - CASE is also easier to read and debug (in my opinion) The performance of these functions is the same, so if you’re considering using DECODE, I would suggest using CASE instead. For more information about the Oracle DECODE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/
Views: 748 Database Star
auto increment in sql oracle - ( Auto increment field )
 
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auto increment in sql oracle ----------------------------------------------- CREATE table customers ( customer_id int not null, customer_name varchar(50), primary key (customer_id) ); create sequence customer_id minvalue 1 start with 1 cache 10; insert into customers values(customer_id.nextval,'maxwel'); -- to drop sequence drop sequence customer_id
Views: 7524 Data Disc
Oracle Tutorial - is NULL and is NOT NULL
 
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Oracle Tutorials - is NULL and is NOT NULL
Views: 140 Tech Acad
Lead , Lag ,  First Value , Last Value ,  Keep First , Keep Last | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali
 
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Lead , Lag , First Value , Last Value , Keep First , Keep Last in Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 12654 Naresh i Technologies