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Learning PL/SQL programming
 
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Download the session ppts @ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_2D199JLIIpLXp5cm9QMFpVS00/view?usp=sharing 3:05 - Procedures 6:48 - Cursors 15:13 - Functions 16:36 - Triggers 21:35 - Package 23:59 - Exceptions
Views: 134655 BBarters
Oracle PL/SQL  Introduction for Beginners
 
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Complete Oracle PLSQL Tutorial Playlist here https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLI5t0u6ye3FE_9SZcS0cQZDU2qn0uB1Oi ************************************************** This Video Covers Basic Introduction to Oracle PL/SQL for Beginners 1. What is the purpose of PL/SQL 2. BLOCK - Basic Entity unit 3.DECLARE , BEGIN , EXCEPTION sections 4.Printing a line to console DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line 5. Declaring Variable and Constants ( Scalar DataTypes ) 6. Assigning a Value from table using SELECT INTO 7. Sample Example
Views: 3932 yrrhelp
Oracle PL/SQL - Introduction
 
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http://plsqlzerotopro.com Introduction to PL/SQL
Views: 195344 HandsonERP
PLS-2: My First PL/SQL Program
 
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For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors Goal is to write your first PL/SQL program. The basic program unit in PL/SQL is the block. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords partition the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. Example of a Block DECLARE bonus NUMBER(8,2); emp_id NUMBER(6) := 100; BEGIN SELECT salary * 0.10 INTO bonus FROM employees WHERE employee_id = emp_id; Exception When NO_DATA_FOUND THEN null ; END; This is a typical PL/SQL block where 10% of salary is selected and stored on a temp variables bonus. If for some reason there is no employee with empid = 100 then the control will come to exception area and the code in the exception area will be executed. These blocks can be entirely separate or nested one within another. The basic units (procedures and functions, also known as subprograms, and anonymous blocks) that make up a PL/SQL program are logical blocks, which can contain any number of nested sub blocks. Therefore, one block can represent a small part of another block, which in turn can be part of the whole unit of code. Anonymous Blocks Anonymous blocks are unnamed blocks. They are declared at the point in an application where they are to be executed and are passed to the PL/SQL engine for execution at run time. You can embed an anonymous block within a pre-compiler program and within iSQL*Plus or Server Manager. Triggers in Oracle Developer components consist of such blocks. Subprograms Subprograms are named PL/SQL blocks that can accept parameters and can be invoked. You can declare them either as procedures or as functions. Generally use a procedure to perform an action and a function to compute a value. You can store subprograms at the server or application level. Using Oracle Developer components (Forms, Reports, and Graphics), you can declare procedures and functions as part of the application (a form or report) and call them from other procedures, functions, and triggers (see next page) within the same application whenever necessary. Note: A function is similar to a procedure, except that a function must return a value.
Views: 64823 Oresoft LWC
Oracle PL/SQL Online Training |Oracle SQL Training | Oracle 11g database Training
 
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Introduction Basic Querys and Arthimetic Operators This video explains: 1.How to write basic select statements 2.How to use arthimetic Operators
Views: 25326 TEK CLASSES
PL/SQL: Collections Part-1
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the introduction to collections. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 14689 radhikaravikumar
20 Essential Oracle SQL and PL/SQL Tuning Tips
 
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SQL and PL/SQL are powerful languages used to access an Oracle database. Today's databases contain mountains of data which presents itself as a challenge when trying to get to the data we want to in a timely fashion. In this FREE Webinar, OCP DBA John Mullins will present 20 valuable tips to help your SQL or PL/SQL perform better. The tips cover every angle regarding SQL and PL/SQL performance, making the presentation suitable for all job roles. Demonstrations will be used to support many of the tips and Oracle 11g and 12c will be covered.
Views: 37848 Themis Education
PL/SQL Oracle REF CURSOR and SYS_REFCURSOR tutorial
 
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REF CURSOR declaration is not associated with any SQL query - different queries can be associated with the cursor programatically. More video tutorials http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com
Oracle tutorial : Object oriented programming in Oracle PL SQL
 
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Oracle tutorial : Object oriented programming in Oracle PL SQL oracle tutorial for beginners This video Oracle tutorial will tell you how to implement object oriented concept in oracle CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE MyInput AS object ( num1 NUMBER, num2 NUMBER ); CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE MyCal AS object ( mynum MyInput, member FUNCTION Plus RETURN NUMBER , member FUNCTION Sub RETURN NUMBER, member FUNCTION Mul RETURN NUMBER, member FUNCTION Div RETURN NUMBER ); / CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE BODY MyCal as member FUNCTION Plus RETURN NUMBER AS result NUMBER ; BEGIN result := mynum.num1 + mynum.num2; RETURN result; END Plus ; member FUNCTION Sub RETURN NUMBER AS result NUMBER; BEGIN result := mynum.num2 - mynum.num1; RETURN result; END Sub; member FUNCTION Mul RETURN NUMBER AS result NUMBER ; BEGIN result := mynum.num1 * mynum.num2; RETURN result; END; member FUNCTION Div RETURN NUMBER AS result NUMBER (10, 3); BEGIN result := mynum.num1 / mynum.num2 ; RETURN result; END; END ; / DECLARE obj1 MyInput := MyInput(50, 100); obj2 MyCal := MyCal(obj1); BEGIN Dbms_Output.Put_Line(obj2.Plus); Dbms_Output.Put_Line(obj2.Sub); Dbms_Output.Put_Line(obj2.Mul); Dbms_Output.Put_Line(obj2.Div); END; #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond object oriented database example
Views: 3631 Tech Query Pond
Working with PL-SQL in Oracle SQL Developer v4.0
 
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How to navigate your PL-SQL, a few options to consider, and working with execution results of your programs in Oracle SQL Developer version 4.0.
Views: 28193 Jeff Smith
56/125 Oracle PLSQL: Working with Packages / Forward Declaration
 
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Learn Oracle PLSQL EXAM 1Z0-144 --------------------------------------------------------------------- create or replace package proc_rules_calling is procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number); end; create or replace package body proc_rules_calling is function get_no_work_days (p_emp_id number) return number is v_hiredate date; begin select HIRE_DATE into v_hiredate from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; return round(sysdate-v_hiredate); end; procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number) is -- we will call the funcion from this procedure --so it should be defined above in order to invoke it v_details employees%rowtype; begin select * into v_details from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; dbms_output.put_line( 'id:'||v_details.EMPLOYEE_ID); dbms_output.put_line( 'fname:'||v_details.FIRST_NAME); dbms_output.put_line( 'salary:'||v_details.salary); dbms_output.put_line( 'hire date:'||v_details.HIRE_DATE); dbms_output.put_line( 'no of days work:'||get_no_work_days(p_emp_id)); end; end; execute proc_rules_calling.print_emp_details(101); ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --same example but we will change the order create or replace package proc_rules_calling is procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number); end; --it will give error --'GET_NO_WORK_DAYS' not declared in this scope create or replace package body proc_rules_calling is procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number) is v_details employees%rowtype; begin select * into v_details from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; dbms_output.put_line( 'id:'||v_details.EMPLOYEE_ID); dbms_output.put_line( 'fname:'||v_details.FIRST_NAME); dbms_output.put_line( 'salary:'||v_details.salary); dbms_output.put_line( 'hire date:'||v_details.HIRE_DATE); dbms_output.put_line( 'no of days work:'||get_no_work_days(p_emp_id)); end; function get_no_work_days (p_emp_id number) return number is v_hiredate date; begin select HIRE_DATE into v_hiredate from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; return round(sysdate-v_hiredate); end; end; ------------------------------------------------------------------ --the solution is to do forward declaration drop package proc_rules_calling; create or replace package proc_rules_calling is procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number); end; create or replace package body proc_rules_calling is function get_no_work_days (p_emp_id number) return number; -- we put the function specification only procedure print_emp_details (p_emp_id number) is -- we will call the funcion from this procedure --so it should be defined above in order to invoke it v_details employees%rowtype; begin select * into v_details from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; dbms_output.put_line( 'id:'||v_details.EMPLOYEE_ID); dbms_output.put_line( 'fname:'||v_details.FIRST_NAME); dbms_output.put_line( 'salary:'||v_details.salary); dbms_output.put_line( 'hire date:'||v_details.HIRE_DATE); dbms_output.put_line( 'no of days work:'||get_no_work_days(p_emp_id)); end; function get_no_work_days (p_emp_id number) return number is v_hiredate date; begin select HIRE_DATE into v_hiredate from employees where EMPLOYEE_ID=p_emp_id; return round(sysdate-v_hiredate); end; end; execute proc_rules_calling.print_emp_details(104);
Views: 752 khaled alkhudari
Top PL/SQL Tips In Just One Hour
 
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Here's a video I recorded of a webcast to a team of developers who had one hour to spare to learn about some PL/SQL best practices. I offer tips on using compile time warnings, avoiding hard-coding/repetition, using nested subprograms and in the performance arena, lightning fast coverage of FORALL, function result cache, NOCOPY and PRAGMA UDF. Fun stuff and here's the guide: 03:00 Compile-time warnings 16:25 Don’t repeat anything 21:15 Tips on writing SQL in PL/SQL 24:50 Avoid hard-coding of formulas 28:35 Keep executable sections tiny 35:15 Avoid row-by-row processing 42:10 Function result cache 54:28 NOCOPY parameter hint 56:02 Optimizing user-defined function execution in SQL Files referenced in presentation may be found at http://www.oracle.com/webfolder/technetwork/tutorials/plsql/sfdemo.zip. But for the latest set of PL/SQL scripts, go to LiveSQL.oracle.com and search by keywords (forall, nocopy, etc.). More on PL/SQL at my blog https://stevenfeuersteinonplsql.blogspot.com PL/SQL quizzes, workouts and classes at https://devgym.oracle.com ======================================== Practically Perfect PL/SQL with Steven Feuerstein Copyright © 2018 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Dynamic SQL in PL/SQL
 
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Held on July 3 2018 Steven Feuerstein offers a quick overview of key recommendations for dynamic SQL in PL/SQL, including: only use dynamic SQL when it's necessary, choose binding over concatenation, protect from SQL injection with DBMS_ASSERT. 01:22 What's wrong with this code? 02:15 Only use dynamic SQL when necessary 04:00 Bind, don't concatenate 09:47 Protect your concatenations 13:03 Other dynamic SQL good-to-knows 17:50 Take advantage of the Oracle Dev Gym and Live SQL websites 21:27 Q&A AskTOM Office Hours offers free, monthly training and tips on how to make the most of Oracle Database, from Oracle product managers, developers and evangelists. https://asktom.oracle.com/ Oracle Developers portal: https://developer.oracle.com/ Sign up for an Oracle Cloud trial: https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit music: bensound.com
Views: 593 Oracle Developers
Oracle tutorial : sys_refcursor  in oracle pl sql (sys_refcursor)
 
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Oracle tutorial : sys_refcursor in oracle pl sql oracle tutorial for beginners cursor in pl sql we can use sys_refcursor as OUT parameter. A cursor is a pointer to a result set for a query. By returning a sys_refcursor you allow the client to fetch many rows from the query as it requires. basically we use sys ref cursor to return set of rows to client. so client can use this result set. u can fetch multiple rows. lets see example.. CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE get_my_list (list OUT SYS_REFCURSOR) AS BEGIN OPEN list FOR SELECT ALTID, FNAME, LNAME FROM EMPLOYEE; END get_my_list; / DECLARE l_cursor SYS_REFCURSOR; ID VARCHAR2(20); FNAME VARCHAR2(20); LNAME VARCHAR2(20); BEGIN get_my_list (list = l_cursor); LOOP FETCH l_cursor INTO ID, FNAME, LNAME; EXIT WHEN l_cursor%NOTFOUND; DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE(ID || ' | ' || FNAME || ' | ' || LNAME); END LOOP; CLOSE l_cursor; END; / Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond database cursor example database cursor sql server cursor
Views: 1994 Tech Query Pond
Oracle PL SQL Stored procedures
 
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Oracle PL SQL Stored procedures
Views: 1709 Oracle PL/SQL
Oracle tutorial : Autonomous Transactions in Oracle 11g PL SQL-PRAGMA
 
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Oracle tutorial : Autonomous Transactions in Oracle 11g PL SQL-PRAGMA What is pragma autonomous_transaction An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction to the main or parent transaction. If an Autonomous transaction is started by another transaction it is not nested, but independent of parent transaction. PRAGMA autonomous_transaction 1)In Oracle session, all of the changes made to data are part of a single transaction. 2)An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction started within another transaction (the main transaction). 3)Autonomous transactions allow you to temporarily suspend the main transaction, perform additional SQL operations, commit or rollback those operations separately, then resume the main transaction. 4)To define an autonomous transaction, we can use a PRAGMA statement PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION; CREATE TABLE log_data ( empno NUMBER(6), userid VARCHAR2(30), create_date DATE ); CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER add_log BEFORE INSERT OR UPDATE ON employee FOR EACH ROW DECLARE PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION; — This statement made this autonomous this trigger BEGIN INSERT INTO log_data VALUES (:new.id, USER, SYSDATE); COMMIT; END; / Insert into EMPLOYEE (ID, NAME, CITY, SALARY, DEPT_NO) Values (20, ‘MY Tech Query’, ‘Mumbai’, 20000, 1) ROLLBACK; SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE SELECT * FROM LOG_DATA https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond oracle transaction pragma autonomous_transaction
Views: 2546 Tech Query Pond
Oracle tutorial : User Defined Exception in Oracle PL SQL
 
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Oracle tutorial: User Defined Exception in Oracle PL SQL pl sql exception handling pl sql exception handling examples This video will show you how to raise user defined exceptions in oracle. Example: BEGIN IF condition THEN RAISE exception_name; END IF; EXCEPTION WHEN exception_name THEN statement; END; 1)We can defined exception to make your own exception. 2)This exception must be declare yourself and RAISE statement to raise explicitly. Declare exception : user_define_exception_name EXCEPTION; RAISE exception : RAISE user_define_exception_name; How to use : WHEN user_define_exception_name THEN //User Action lets see an example DECLARE exception1 EXCEPTION; g NUMBER; BEGIN FOR g IN (SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE) LOOP IF g.ID = 7 THEN RAISE exception1; END IF; END LOOP; EXCEPTION WHEN exception1 THEN dbms_output.put_line(‘WE HAVE FOUND EMPLOYEE NUMBER 7’); END; / Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 191 Tech Query Pond
Oracle 11g Hints Overview
 
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In this Video tutorial we will discuss about Optimizer hints in Oracle. What is optimizer hint, when & why its needed. Different Category of hints. Description of mostly used hints. Demonstrate how query plan can change with the influence of hint.
Views: 51911 Anindya Das
Oracle SQL Tutorial 1 - Intro to Oracle Database
 
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As illustrated in the video, Oracle Database is a program designed to hold lots of information, or data. There are all kinds of different databases and they all have their uses. Some of the most common ones are MySQL, SQL Server, Sybase, and MongoDB. All of these have different uses. The differences will be easier to understand after you learn more about each kind of database. We did not discuss it much in the video, but if you are wondering what “SQL” means in the title, it stands for structured query language. Structured query language is a human readable computer language that is used to tell databases to do things. We will discuss SQL and Oracle SQL Developer more in future videos. Databases are better than spreadsheets because they allow multiple users at one time, different levels of access given to users, recovery options and transactions, and it is more protected from hacking and malicious destruction. Programming languages often have very useful functions or methods that can be used to communicate to a database and therefore they are a naturally good option for the back end of programs. This course will go over all of the major parts of database programming using Oracle SQL. We will be using Oracle 11g, but these videos should still work with other versions, including the most recent 12c. Q and A ~~~~~~ How much does Oracle cost? The full enterprise edition costs thousands. They have other versions for less and they even have a FREE VERSION! This is known as the XE version (eXpress Edition). That is the one we will be using. How long does it take to learn SQL? You can learn all of the basics and be an efficient beginner database developer in only about a month of practice. To become an intermediate it can take anywhere from an additional 3 - 6 months with a only a few hours of studying and practicing each day. How can I learn SQL faster? Take notes and actually mess around with making your own database. Watch these videos until you understand the concepts within them, read articles and books that teach in more depth. Enjoy this content? You might enjoy my programming videos. Pick one and have some fun! 🙂 Learn Javascript - http://bit.ly/JavaScriptPlaylist Learn Java - http://bit.ly/JavaPlaylist Learn C# - http://bit.ly/CSharpTutorialsPlaylist Learn C++ - http://bit.ly/CPlusPlusPlaylist Learn C - http://bit.ly/CTutorialsPlaylist Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry. Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://Twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 326538 Caleb Curry
Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance
 
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Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance APPEND PARALLEL JOIN INDEX NO_INDEX SELECT /*+ FIRST_ROWS(10) */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ ALL_ROWS */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ NO_INDEX(emp emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e WHERE e.deptno = 10; -- SELECT /*+ INDEX(scott.emp,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM scott.emp; SELECT /*+ AND_EQUAL(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ INDEX_JOIN(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL_INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx , 8) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ LEADING (dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL(8) CACHE (e) FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_MERGE (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- SORT Merge Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_HASH (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- Hash Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL */ * FROM emp e ; INSERT /*+ APPEND */ INTO mytmp select /*+ CACHE (e) */ *from emp e; commit;
Views: 6488 TechLake
Create new connection with new user in Oracle SQL Developer
 
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This video shows you how to create a new connection using a new user account (other than the system user account) in Oracle SQL Developer, so that you have a clean workspace without all the clutter of system tables. It is NOT a general introduction to using Oracle SQL Developer.
Views: 342974 Chitu Okoli
Oracle tutorial : Oracle PL SQL Sqlplus DBA Commands Part 1
 
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Oracle tutorial : Oracle Sqlplus DBA Commands Part 1 Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 1326 Tech Query Pond
Exception Handling in Oracle PL SQL
 
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Exception Handling in Oracle PL SQL By Dr. RD Balaji Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/DWUx/
Oracle 11g Основы PL SQL. Модуль 02. Объявление идентификаторов в PL-SQL
 
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- Различные типы идентификаторов в подпрограммах PL-SQL - Использование раздела объявлений для определения идентификаторов - Хранение данных в переменных - Скалярные типы данных - Атрибут %TYPE - Связанные (bind) переменные - Использование последовательностей в выражениях PL-SQL
Views: 5954 Tech Net
Introduction to Oracle: PL-SQL - Declaring Variables and Constants
 
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Introduction to Oracle: PL-SQL - Declaring Variables and Constants
Views: 3154 David Hays
Top 50 SQL Interview Questions and Answers Part 1
 
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Best Buy Links (affiliate): SQL The Complete Reference https://amzn.to/2NAfr2G SQL Cookbook (Covers SQL Server, PostgrSQL, Oracle, MySQL, And Db2) https://amzn.to/2MhU6Xl Beginning SQL Queries https://amzn.to/2NzaAPj SQL, PL/SQL the Programming Language of Oracle https://amzn.to/2QjIyWH SQL in easy steps https://amzn.to/2x73t6G T-SQL Fundamentals https://amzn.to/2NywZfC Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Step By Step https://amzn.to/2O8BMBI ----------------------------------- SQL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS on this link - https://viden.io/knowledge/sql-interview-questions-and-answers DBMS notes-https://viden.io/knowledge/dbms-interview-q-a
Views: 351597 LearnEveryone
Oracle Indexes - Beginner
 
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Oracle Indexes - Beginner
Views: 65207 Chris Ostrowski
Definer’s Rights and Invoker’s Rights in PL/SQL | Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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Definer’s Rights and Invoker’s Rights in PL/SQL by Mr. Vijay Kumar "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB Visit Our Websites: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] Our Online Training Features: 1. Training with Real-Time Experts 2. Industry Specific Scenario’s 3. Flexible Timings 4. Soft Copy of Material 5. Share Video's of each and every session. For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB For more updates on courses and tips follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech Google+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected]
Views: 2636 Naresh i Technologies
Job In Oracle : pl sql create job in Oracle Scheduler
 
08:09
Job In Oracle : How to Create and Run Job in Oracle Scheduler This video will show you how to Scheduling Jobs with Oracle Scheduler. pl sql create job dbms job scheduler example DBMS_SCHEDULER ---------------------- A job object (job) is a collection of metadata that describes a user-defined task that is scheduled to run one or more times. It is a combination of what needs to be executed (the action) and when (the schedule). CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE myproc AS BEGIN INSERT INTO MYTEST(CREATED_ON) VALUES (sysdate); commit; END myproc; / BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB ( job_name = ‘My_job’, job_type = ‘STORED_PROCEDURE’, job_action = ‘MYPROC’, start_date = ’07-AUG-16 07.00.00 PM’, repeat_interval = ‘FREQ=SECONDLY;INTERVAL=5', end_date =’20-NOV-18 07.00.00 PM’, auto_drop = FALSE, comments = ‘My new job’); END; / EXEC DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE(‘My_job’); Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.com https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond oracle job scheduler
Views: 17249 Tech Query Pond
Oracle SQL Tutorial 9 - Intro to Queries
 
04:55
This video is for beginners who have never worked with SQL Developer, and we are going to teach how to begin writing queries. So the queries we are going to start with are queries when we give the database an expression and it will return back some kind of value. The most common keyword you are going to need to know for Oracle is SELECT. SELECT is the command we use to get data from the database. Even though we have not really put any data in our database, we can still use the SELECT statement to get data. That's because the database is capable of doing more than just creating tables and retrieving data from tables. So our first goal is to essentially write a Hello World, which just displays the text hello world to us. A good place to start is with: SELECT 'Hello World' This would actually work for many database management systems, but when you run it you will get an error. This actually doesn't work with Oracle, it will tell us we always need the FROM keyword. To get around this, there is a magical table called DUAL. We can put anything we want to SELECT and then say FROM DUAL and it will work. SELECT 'Hello World' FROM DUAL We can also do math: SELECT 1+1 FROM DUAL And we can run even run functions: SELECT SYSTIMESTAMP FROM DUAL To put all of this together, you can grab all of this data at the same time using commas to separate different columns from our generated table: SELECT 'Hello World', 1+1, SYSTIMESTAMP FROM DUAL Support me on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 26496 Caleb Curry
PL/SQL Table Functions
 
50:27
Held on September 3 2018 Table functions are very cool: they are functions that return collections, and can be called in the FROM clause of a SELECT, as if it were a table or view. In this session, Steven Feuerstein starts with a quick intro to and demos of table functions. We then shift to answering your questions on this useful feature, including (new to 18c) polymorphic table functions and interactions between table functions and the SQL optimizer. 1:54 Whirlwind overview of table functions 9:48 LiveSQL demonstrations 24:42 Q&A: Materialized views and table functions 25:56 Q&A: Recommendations for organizing types needed for table functions 28:44 Introduction and overview of 18c polymorphic table functions 40:30 Table functions and the SQL optimizer 48:17 Table functions and SmartDB AskTOM Office Hours offers free, monthly training and tips on how to make the most of Oracle Database, from Oracle product managers, developers and evangelists. https://asktom.oracle.com/ Oracle Developers portal: https://developer.oracle.com/ Sign up for an Oracle Cloud trial: https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit music: bensound.com
Views: 931 Oracle Developers
PLS-1: Introduction to Oracle PL/SQL
 
14:23
For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors *************************************************************************************************** PL/SQL stands for Procedural Language extension of SQL. PL/SQL is a combination of SQL along with the procedural features of programming languages. It was developed by Oracle Corporation in the early 90's to enhance the capabilities of SQL.
Views: 110128 Oresoft LWC
PL/SQL: Fibonacci series
 
06:51
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to write Fibonacci series code in plsql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4282 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL: Factorial
 
08:14
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to write factorial program in plsql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4818 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL: Object Type
 
08:31
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is a object type in sql/plsql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12891 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Forms || How To Create PL/SQL Library -30
 
19:28
Oracle Forms || How To Create PL/SQL Library -30 To See More Forms Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zsu4CWo_vwk&list=PLXXvCMuixAJU3Ap_FE2zSEBicv8IC5kDU To See More Reports Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_0f_iILlmY&list=PLXXvCMuixAJUfU4ZISmPtHrmKe5qRvyVY About PL/SQL Library: - A library is a collection of PL/SQL program units, including procedures, functions, and packages. A single library can contain many program units that can be shared among the Oracle Developer modules and applications that need to use them. - Pl/SQL Libraries generally contain procedures, functions and packages. Create multi_fun in the function: Code: FUNCTION multi_fun ( p number, q number) return number IS v_record number(20); BEGIN select p * q into v_record from dual; return v_record; END; Create multi_button in the procedure: Code: PROCEDURE multi_button IS BEGIN IF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.BSAVE' THEN commit_form; clear_form(no_validate); ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.BEXIT' THEN exit_form(no_validate); ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.BCLEAR' THEN clear_form(no_validate); ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.BQUERY' THEN execute_query; ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.BDELETE' THEN delete_record; commit_form; ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.PREVIOUS' THEN previous_record; ELSIF name_in(':SYSTEM.TRIGGER_ITEM')='CONTROL.NEXT' THEN next_record; END IF; END; To Get more Tutorial Subscribe The Channel click here https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?sub_confirmation=1 To Get All Post Like The Facebook Page Click here https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Follow us: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Youtube link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?view_as=subscriber Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/465557066961548 Contact us: email: [email protected] Skype: oracle26solutions Mob: 01734557080, 01627422780
Views: 437 OracleDB Solutions
PL/SQL: Ref cursor Types
 
07:57
In this tutorial, you'll learn the types of ref cursors.. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12314 radhikaravikumar
Part-3 (Oracle Procedures) Oracle PL SQL Training - Fast Track Series
 
18:26
Oracle Procedures Is a group of PL SQL statement that can call by name. Syntax CREATE [OR REPLACE] PROCEDURE procedure_name [ (parameter [,parameter]) ] IS | AS [declaration_section] BEGIN executable_section [EXCEPTION exception_section] END [procedure_name]; Example:1 of procedure having Only parameter procedure. create or replace procedure insert_employee ( p_emp_name varchar2, p_deptno IN number ) is begin Insert into emp (id,name,deptno) values (emp_id_seq.nextval, p_emp_name, p_deptno); commit; end insert_employee; / Prerequisite for the Example:1 1. Need create emp table create table emp( id number, name varchar2(200), deptno number ); 2. Create sequence object. create sequence emp_id_seq start with 1 Increment by 1 nomaxvalue nocycle; How to call procedure created in Example:1 exec insert_employee('sanket',10); Or begin insert_employee('sanket',10); end; set pagesize 100 set linesize 100 column id format 999 column name format a6 column deptno format 999 select * from emp; ID NAME DEPTNO ---- ------ ------ 1 sanket 10 Example:2 of procedure having In/Out parameter procedure create or replace procedure insert_employee ( p_emp_name varchar2, p_deptno IN number, p_message OUT varchar2 ) is begin Insert into emp (id,name,deptno) values (emp_id_seq.nextval, p_emp_name, p_deptno); commit; p_message:= 'one row inserted...'; end insert_employee; / How to call procedure created in Example:2 set serveroutput on; declare v_message varchar2(100); begin insert_employee(‘',20,v_message); dbms_output.put_line(v_message); end; select * from emp; ID NAME DEPTNO ---- ------ ------ 1 sanket 10
Views: 1566 Sanket Patel
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-1
 
06:24
In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 23824 radhikaravikumar
Recursos para la certificacion Oracle 12c OCA
 
30:51
Hola mi nombre es Mario Ruiz. Este video sirve para encontrar recursos para la mayoria de las certificaciones oracle, debido a que hay paginas que recomiendo en las cuales es evidente que hay recursos para mucho mas examanes, en especifico este video es para encontrar recursos relacionados con las certificaciones Oracle 1Z0-051, 1Z0-071 y 1Z0-071. Contacto: Correo: [email protected] facebook: website: http://marioruiz.com.mx links: Rutas de certificacion: http://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/ou_product_category.getPage?p_cat_id=385&p_org_id=189915&lang=ESA#tabs-3 Descripcion del examen: http://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/db_pages.getpage?page_id=5001&get_params=p_exam_id:1Z0-061 Oracle University: http://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/db_pages.getpage?page_id=3 Kaplan Selftest: https://www.selftestsoftware.com/certtestprep/practice-test/oracle/1z0-061.kap Transcender Selftest: https://www.transcender.com/practice-exam/oracle/1z0-061.kap Itexamworld.net: http://itexamsworld.net/Oracle-certification-3a0.html Oracle-base.com: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/oracle-certification-frequently-asked-questions Oraclecertificacionprerp : http://www.oraclecertificationprep.com/apex/f?p=149:PRACTICE_TEST_DETAILS:::NO::P19_PXM_ID:4 Guia de estudio Oraclecertificacionprep: https://www.amazon.com/Study-Guide-1Z0-061-Fundamentals-Certification-ebook/dp/B00EYEODBU?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00EYEODBU&linkCode=as2&redirect=true&ref_=as_li_tf_tl&tag=oraclcertipre-20 Comunidad oracle oficial: https://community.oracle.com/community/technology_network_community/certification Blog oficial certificacion: https://blogs.oracle.com/certification/ Torrents OCA Oracle gratis: https://thepiratebay.org/search/oracle/0/99/0 Guia oficial oracle press gratis: https://grap4it.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/oca-oracle-database-12c-sql-fundamentals-i-exam-guide-exam-1z0-061-oracle-pressa4.pdf Libros IT gratis: https://it-ebooks-search.info/ Preguntas y respuestas de examenes de certificacion Oracle GRATIS: http://www.aiotestking.com/oracle oracle oracle sql oracle pl sql oracle sqlplus curso curso de oracle curso de sql curso de pl sql curso de sqlplus sql developer toad pl / sql developer desarrollo de aplicaciones programador desarrollador como ser programador como ser desarrollador certificacion certificacion oracle certificaciones 1z0-061 1z0-062 dba dba oracle administrador de base de datos administrador de base de datos oracle database oracle preparar certificacion oracle oracle expert oracle experto oramex el mundo de oracle mario ruiz mario ruiz marioruizcommx buenas practicas como usar pl sql como usar oracle como usar toad como usar sqlplus preguntas de la certificacion braindumps oracle linux linux batch awk perl shell scripting shell
Views: 6591 Mario Ruiz
Beginning Performance Tuning with Arup Nanda (In English)
 
01:02:17
Webinar presented to LAOUC by Arup Nanda regarding Oracle Performace tuning for beginners.
Views: 96331 OracleMania
HOW TO WRAP PLSQL CODE IN ORACLE DATABASE
 
05:55
HOW TO WRAP A PL/SQL CODE IN ORACLE DATABASE ============================================ wrap iname=testproc.sql oname=testproc.plb HOW TO CREATE A PROCEDURE ========================== create or replace procedure test as begin dbms_output.put_line('Welcome to ORACLE DBA'); end; / HOW TO CHECK THE CONTENT OF PROCEDURE ======================================== select owner,object_name from dba_objects where object_name like '&object_name'; select text from dba_source where name='&name'; HOW TO EXECUTE A PROCEDURE ========================== set serveroutput on; exec test HOW TO READ A FILE FROM COMMAND PROMPT ====================================== type testproc.sql type testproc.plb PL/SQL files extension ======================= .pls - PL/SQL source .plb - PL/SQL binary .pks - Package source or package specification .pkb - Package binary or package body .pck - Combined package specification plus body
Views: 1876 Praveen Biyyapu
PL/SQL: Weak Vs Strong RefCursor && Normal cursor Vs RefCursor
 
10:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn Weak Vs Strong Ref Cursor && Normal cursor Vs Ref Cursor... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 8850 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Midlands #8: Using Edition-Based Redefinition with PL/SQL - Chris Saxon
 
55:45
Chris discusses the benefits & drawbacks of using Edition-Based Redefinition as well as how to begin using it. The slides are available at: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/5jyjbyt1rln8qbi/AADDz26k67Vnc6go0W6sYXDVa?dl=0 This event was sponsored by Red Gate (http://www.red-gate.com/). See more events at http://OracleMidlands.com/ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. "Fair Dealing" under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Views: 691 Oracle Midlands
SQL: WITH Clause
 
06:11
In this tutorial, you'll learn will learn how to use with clause PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 13003 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL: Collections Part-2
 
07:51
In this tutorial, you'll learn what are the collection types and its attributes PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 8547 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL Oracle tutorial, Oracle introduction, PL/SQL basics
 
22:40
Oracle tutorial for beginners presents PL/SQL introduction. Watch video and learn Oracle by practical examples. Other lessons, visit http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com/plsql-oracle-tutorial-video
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
05:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4307 radhikaravikumar
How To Use Explicit Cursor On Oracle PL/SQL
 
08:01
Main Components of Oracle PL/SQL are: BEGIN DECLARE END; / One of feature of Oracle PL/SQL is Cursor. There are two type of Cursor available, which are Implicit Cursor and Explicit Cursor. Implicit Cursor will only processing one record, meanwhile Explicit Cursor will process 1 or more records of data. To use Explicit Cursor we can use the 2+6 formula. 2 for two statements on declaration and 6 for six statements on the content (Begin-End). Please Subscribe
Views: 137 Boby Siswanto

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