(13 Jan 2012) FIRST GIRLS TO GRADUATE FROM OPRAH WINFREY'S ACADEMY IN SOUTH AFRICA
Oprah Winfrey makes no apologies for spending millions on an elite school for underprivileged South African girls. But she's also looking for ways to make her money stretch further to help more struggling Africans.
Winfrey spoke Friday (13 JAN 2012) on the eve of the first graduation at her school.
Of the 75 students who started at the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in 2007, 72 will graduate Saturday.
All are headed to universities in South Africa and the United States to pursue such studies as medicine, law, engineering and economics.
Across South Africa, more than half a million members of the class of 2011 disappeared before the 496,000 remaining took their final exams. Only a quarter of those who graduated did well enough to qualify for university study.
"We're taking a victory lap here, for transformation," Winfrey said. "Every single girl is going to leave here with something greater to offer the world than her body."
South Africa is struggling to overcome the inequalities of apartheid, which ended in 1994. The country has too few schools at all levels, and many lack such basics as libraries and are staffed by undereducated teachers.
Earlier this week, a stampede at a Johannesburg university campus killed a mother who had accompanied her son to an in-person application day. Thousands were vying for a few hundred spots at the university.
Winfrey, who spent $40 million on her campus, said her focus was "just to change one girl, affect one person's life." But she acknowledged hers "is not a sustainable model for most people in most countries."
Another new class starts at Winfrey's school next week. But to help more young Africans, Winfrey said she would be working with established philanthropies to identify schools around the developing world that can be strengthened with money.
She hopes to adapt some of the practices of her school, including creating strong support networks for students.
"It takes a lot of support, it takes a whole team," she said, saying teachers and communities would have to be active participants.
Her focus on girls was not among the strategies she would change. Winfrey said studies have shown helping girls helps entire communities, in part because girls and women give back so much.
I know what it's like to be a poor girl with your heart's desire to do well in the world," she added. "I chose to use my philanthropy to do what I know."
Winfrey said she also might work more quietly in the future, to spare those she helps the kind of scrutiny celebrity draws.
The achievements at Winfrey's school came despite turmoil in its first years.
A woman working as a dormitory matron at the school was accused of abusing teenagers soon after it was opened. She was acquitted in 2010. Winfrey, who has spoken of being abused as a child and called the allegations against the matron crushing, and has said the trial's outcome was "profoundly" disappointing.
Winfrey settled a defamation lawsuit filed in Philadelphia by the school's former headmistress, Nomvuyo Mzamane, who claimed Winfrey defamed her in remarks made in the wake of the scandal.
Last year, a baby born to a student at the school was found dead. The events would have been newsworthy had they involved any school, but drew particularly frenzied attention because of the Winfrey connection.
As a celebrity, Winfrey said: "All of your mistakes are amplified and show up on the evening news."
Winfrey said there were times when she wondered if her project would fail, but she could not give up, both for herself and for Nelson Mandela, who she says inspired her to build the school.
You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/2f3c620cf1bd3c5c5b92c4ac1208fd8b
Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork